10 Tips How To Survive a Plane Crash + Insane Brace Position Conspiracy!

Eight million of us takes to the skies every single day. With an annual total recently pushing past the three billion mark. In our lifetime we are each likely to spend an average of twelve days in the air. Even if the odds of a plane crash are one for every 1.2 million flights; around 30% of us still suffer from anxiety when it comes to flying.

Maybe that’s because, even if the odds of a plane crash are incredibly low, there have been over 23,000 crashes since the dawn of aviation. The last decade alone has seen a total of 1770 plane crashes, which resulted in over 11,000 fatalities.

Statistically speaking, planes are one of the safest ways of getting too far away destinations.  Making the trip by bus, train, boat or car is more likely to end in a fatal accident.

If you’re one of the unlucky few to end up in a plane crash, here are our Top 10 Tips How to survive a plane crash!

1 – Don’t Stay Too Low To The Ground

We all should be familiar with the fact that hot air rises right? That’s why we know that when there’s a fire, we need to drop to our hands and knees and crawl low on the floor, minimizing the amount harmful smoke you inhale.

CAUTION: Whatever you do, do NOT try this technique when trying to escape a downed plane.

With so many people trying to get out through the narrow aisles, you crawling on the floor could cause significant injuries to yourself and become a tripping hazard for everyone else.  Panicking passengers could easily trample over you and also have luggage fall on you.

What you should do instead is stay standing, cover your mouth and nose and keep your head down. If you do find the aisle blocked by luggage, debris or crawling individuals, it might be safer for you to climb over the back of the seats towards an exit.

2 – Wear Your Seat Belt

During takeoff, the flight attendant tells us to wear our seat belt when flying, unless we need to go to the bathroom if its safe to do so; but every year, approximately 58 people in the United States are injured during turbulence because they didn’t wear their seatbelts.

In May of 2017, a plane flying from Russia to Thailand hit intense turbulence and unfortunately, the seatbelt sign never light up.  Some passengers ended up being thrown violently from their seats. Twenty people, including three babies, suffered significant injuries as a result.

Because of this occurrence, I’m surprised that it is still legal for parents with children under two to fly with the child sitting on their lap. The G-force in even a mild to moderate dive can multiply a child’s weight from 25 pounds to 140 pounds. With that difference in weight, it would be unlikely anyone would be able to hold on to their child if that were to happen.

One problem with the seat belts on planes is that because they operate differently than a car seat belt, they have been known to confuse some passengers.  Reports from the National Transportation Safety Board show that some plane crash victims were still wearing their seatbelts when their bodies were found. It was discovered that they did not die from the initial fatal injuries but were left trapped and killed as a result of not being able to unbuckle themselves out of their seats.

Rather than this demonstrating that you should not wear your seatbelts, there is more evidence to show that wearing your seatbelt on a plane will increase your chances of survival.

3 – Dressing For Survival

I know I speak for myself when I say that when returning from a warm vacation in the Caribbean’s, I’m usually still wearing sandals and t-shirts. Of course, I do have a jacket in my carryon since I would be landing in a cold and snowy environment.  I know I’m not the only one that does this but this kind of attire could have serious ramifications.

Safety Specialist from the Federal Aviation Administration, Cynthia Corbett advises that you should always make sure you’re wearing sensible shoes. If you need to run away from a burning plane, wearing sandals would make the situation much harder to overcome.  Secondly, she recommends wearing long trousers and long-sleeve shirts, which would be much more efficient at protecting your skin from flames and weather conditions.

Considering that an NTSB report found 68% of fatalities in plane crashes happens as a result of post-crash fires.  This kind of advice could be the difference between life and death.

4 – Negative Panic

Panicking during a plane crash is understandable, just like most of the significant crisis; screaming, shouting and running would be all things you would expect in this kind of disaster. There’s another kind of panic that sometimes gets overlooked, but could equally as deadly; it’s called negative panic.

Negative Panic is when major trauma renders immobilizes an individual. Despite the chaos and imminent danger around them, people remain seated, seemingly stunned and unable to react to the ordeal.  The kind of panic can be dangerous.

During the 1977 Dutch KLM and Pan American World Airlines collision, 583 people lost their lives. Investigators suggested that negative panic could have played a significant role in the plane crash. Many passengers were alive, uninjured and mobile enough to have exited the plane before the explosion. The suggestion was that panic could have mentally paralyzed them. Even aircraft crew members with years of training and experience admitting of freezing up when the plane was in danger of crashing.


Apparently, there’s no easy solution to negative panic, other than its effects.  If you see anyone around you who appears to be suffering from negative panic, do your best to render assistance and guide them to safety.

5 – Chose The Right Plane

You often don’t have the luxury of choosing which aircraft you will be flying in, but it’s still useful information if ever you do have the option.

Flying on certain types of planes will hugely increase your likelihood of survival in the in the case of a plane crash. One of the most important things to remember is that size does matter. Bigger planes = safer planes. That’s because bigger planes have better energy absorption, meaning that the force of the crash is absorbed more by the plane than your body.

National airlines are statistically safer than regional carriers. Regional carriers are involved in twice as many incidents as national airlines. One reason for that is that you need a more considerable amount of experience to have employment as a pilot on a domestic airline. This means that you’re more likely to be piloted by a new and inexperienced pilot on a regional plane.

The statistic shows that the safest plane is the Airbus 340, which, after a total of 18 million hours in the air, remains accident-free.

6 – The 90 Second Rule

Like we stated earlier, a lot of the times, it’s not the plane crash that kills everyone on board, it’s the flames that engulf the plane afterward.  For that reason alone is the reason you need to get off the plane as quickly as possible. Fire can consume an entire plane in a matter of minutes.

It takes on average 90 seconds for a fire to burn through the planes aluminum fuselage. So remember that 90-second target and your chances of survival should increase substantially.

In 2013, Asiana Airlines Flight 214 crash-landed on the runway in South Korea. There were three fatalities in the crash, but three hundred and four passengers were able to escape before the flames engulfed the plane. Investigators credited the 99% survival rate to the rapid reactions of the crew and its passengers.

7 – Carry On Luggage

This fact relates back to the 90-second rule. Do not waste time collecting your carryon luggage. Like any other fires, the risk of this is obvious. While you try to retrieve your items, you’re blocking the aisles and stopping other passengers from getting off the plane safely.

In September of 2015, an unnoticed engine fault led to a British Airways plane bursting into flames on a Las Vegas runway. The 170 people on board had to be evacuated, and 14 people ended up in a hospital with critical injuries. Photos from the incident caused an uproar on social media, due to the vast number of passengers pictured clutching their belongings. The photos showed people holding purses, shoes and even sizable rolling suitcases, which people on social media described as “disgusting” and “selfish”. Some also called for those to be arrested. Thankfully, everyone that was hurt in the plane crash eventually recovered. The FAA, however, warns that the impact of these passengers actions could have been much, much worse and could also have prevented some of the injuries.

Airplanes are insured to help replace your belongings in the case of a disaster.

8 – Oxygen Mask

The dangers of a planes cabin losing pressure as high as five miles in the air instantly can be deadly. Even just a few seconds of oxygen deprivation can be enough to cause severe brain damage.

Passenger studies conducted by the FAA indicates that most people think that if an event leads to oxygen mask dropping from the ceiling, you could survive up to an hour before you would need to put it on. This argument is most certainly NOT a fact! If you’re on a plane and the mask drops, put it on immediately!

Even if the cabin pressure is still stable, you don’t know what problem has caused the mask to drop in the first place.  There could be a risk of the plane destabilizing at any moment.

Passenger oxygen masks typically provide enough air to last between twelve and twenty minutes. That should give the pilot plenty of time to get to a safe altitude. When reaching the preferred height, the mask will no longer be needed.

The most important tip for number eight is that you need to secure your mask before helping others with theirs. You won’t be much help if you suffocate and lose consciousness.

9 – Where You Sit

You would hope that every passenger has an equal chance of survival during a plane crash. Sadly, that’s not the case. Where you sit on the plane dramatically affects your chances of survival.

In the past, people used to think that the seats over the wing were the safest on the aircraft. The idea was that the most durable and most stable part of a plane was in the location of the wings. Some studies have disputed this claims.

In 2007 Popular Mechanics analyzed all crashes after 1972 to see how the fatality rates differed based on where passengers were seated. They found out that the passengers sitting in the rear of the plane were most likely to survive with a 60% survival rate. 56% of passengers who are seated over the wing of the aircraft compared to 49% of passengers in the front.

That’s just how seating affects your chances of surviving the initial impact. It’s important to be sitting in the right place to escape the plane alive.

A University of Greenwich study looked into the accounts of 2000 survivors from 105 airline accidents from around the globe. They found that those who are sitting within six rows from an exit were much more likely to escape the plane crash and survive. They also found that those who are sitting in an aisle seat were more likely to escape quicker, although the difference was only marginal compared to a window seat.

10 – Brace Position

Google “Brace position” and you’ll be flooded with results around the idea that it’s designed to either kill you or at the very least, preserve the passenger’s teeth and make it easier to use dental records to identify bodies.

So why has the brace Position conspiracy become such a theory? And how is it supposed to work? It’s proposed that in the event of a crash, the brace position is designed to kill you by breaking your back and neck on impact with the seat in front of you.

Why would the airlines want to do this? The reason for a quick death is because it’s cheaper for airlines to pay out for a wrongful death lawsuit than pay for long-term medical cost on top of a class action lawsuit.

Facts

Now, unfortunately, this is where fact does come into play. It is cheaper for an airline to let you die by wrongful death rather than help you survive a plane crash and pay you compensation. The cost for a wrongful death lawsuit is shocking at 3 to 40 million dollars less than the average disability payout.  There are no confirmed cases that airlines has ever capitalized on this, but history has shown that significant business has chosen financial benefit over customer safety in the past.

Ford Pinto Controversy

Let us take you back to the 1970’s with the Ford Pinto controversy. The Ford Pinto had a severe fault, and the manufacturers weighed up the cost of modifying its design to make them safer. It was estimated that the subsequent product recall changes would cost 113 million dollars. On the other hand, potential damage payout if accidents occurred due to its faulty design, was calculated at 43 million dollars.

Amazingly, Ford opted NOT to make their cars safer because of the high cost.  This decision resulted in between 27 and 180 deaths. So now we know that financial gain can be the preferred option for big business. But before we go any further, let’s look at the science behind the brace position itself to see what evidence there is to prove if it works.

Brace Position In The Kegworth Air Disaster

Officially designed to protect passengers and offer them the best chances of survival during a plane crash, the brace position as we currently know it, was introduced after the Kegworth Air Disaster in 1989. The Kegworth Air Disaster was a plane crash involving 118 passengers. There were 47 fatalities, and of the 79 survivors, 74 had severe injuries. An investigation into this plane crash revealed that the recommended brace position at the time might have led to some of the injuries the passengers suffered during the accident.

The traditional brace position, for those in economy class, caused the passenger’s legs, arms, and torso to flail around after the initial impact, causing multiple fractures. After the Kegworth Disaster, the brace position was updated, and the FAA released new instruction in 1994.

New Brace Position Version

This new brace position version, the one you may currently recognize, advises passengers to position their heads and arms on the seat or bulkhead in front of them, and the passenger’s feet should be placed flat on the floor and slightly in front of the edge of the seat. This aimed to make it more effective at saving lives and reducing injuries, by minimizing the movement your body will endure during and after the initial impact of the plane crash. Since then there have been multiple accounts where the brace position has been credited for saving passengers lives and minimizing their injuries.

The most recent example comes from the 2012 Boeing 727 Crash experiment that saw a dummy-filled plane deliberately crashed into a Mexican desert. The crash test dummies were sitting in three different positions.

  • 1 – Brace Position with the seat belt fastened. This passenger would have indeed survived!
  • 2 – With just the seat belt fastened. These passengers would have survived; however, they would have suffered significant injuries.
  • 3 – Without a seatbelt and also not in the brace position.  The results found that these passengers would have certainly perished in the plane crash.

It has recently been de, demonstrated in the 2009 Hudson River plane crash. There was a 100% survival rate, as well as due to the heroics of Captain Sullenberger, the lack of fatalities has also been attributed to the use of the brace position.

An even a better example from the flight safety foundation; a plane crash where all passengers were either sleeping or reading; they had no warning of the impending impact, except one sixteen years old woke up.  He looked outside and saw they were about to crash and adopted the brace position. He was the sole survivor of that plane crash.

Brace Position Statistics

There is evidence of numerous other cases that back up the positive uses of the brace position. If you’re still not convinced, the stats speak for themselves.

A study looking at commercial aviation between 1983 and 2000 showed there was 568 plane crashes in the United States alone. These plane crashes involve a total of 53487 people on board, and 51207 people survived. That’s over 95%. If the brace position were designed to kill off passengers, then that survival rate would be significantly lower. If you want to be among that 95%, it is probably in your best interest to learn and adopt the brace position.

Proper Brace Position

Each airline and safety organization has a slight variance on the brace position. Remember these three basic rules.

  • Lean forward and get your torso as low as low as possible. In economy or coach, ensure your forearms and head are touching the seat in front of you.  Make sure your seatbelt is secure. This will prevent your body from jackknifing forward and striking the seat in front. Not wearing your seatbeltew4GRhtjyk lo.t or your body from flailing around and colliding with other parts of the plane.
  • Protect Your Hear.  Place your hands behind your head without interlocking fingers. Ensure your forearms protects each side of your face. In the Kegworth plane crash, many passengers were killed by luggage that fell on them from overhead compartments.
  • Place any loose luggage under the seat in front of you and have your feet flat firmly on the floor. This position will prevent your legs from jolting forward into the base of the seat in front and breaking your legs.

This test showed that those passengers with seatbelts fastened and placed in the brace position would have been the most likely to survive the crash.

Let’s all hope that none of us ever have to use these tips but at least knowing them will give you a better chance of surviving a plane crash. Please comment and share to your social media!

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Top 15 Most Dangerous Plants In the Forest – Wilderness Survival Tips

If you’re planning an outdoor adventure, it’s not only cliffs, animals, and insects you should be worried about; Plants envelop the world, and science has even discovered that a large variety of plants can communicate with each other.

When you’re starving in the wilderness, there’s not much you can eat other than plants and animals.  Let’s face it, a lot of people are unable to hunt successfully, so they rely on crops to feed themselves. The problem is, some plants can be deadly to humans, or at the very least, make us very sick. You can maybe even find some of these plants in your backyard!

Flowers and plants can be pretty and sometimes even delicious. However, they’ve also evolved with all kinds of compounds within them.  Sometimes these compounds don’t play well with the human biology. Whether it’s the seeds, the berries, or the entire plant, you’re going to want to stay away from the ones on this list at all cost!

Some plants can cause heart failure, upset stomach or even lung damage when ingested.  In this list, however, we are going to focus more so on poisonous plants you should never touch.

Just to clarify, I’m not only naming plants that you can find in North America.  The plants on this list can be found all over the world. These are the most dangerous plants in the forest.

1 – Foxglove

The Foxglove is another common murder plant that people own for some reason.  The plant contains digitoxin, which you might have guessed from its name is toxic to humans. However, pharmaceuticals also use Foxgloves as a heart medication, in small doses of course.

Ingesting Foxgloves generally leads to minor symptoms like nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. More severe symptoms concerning confusion, hallucinations and an irregular heartbeat can occur.  Foxgloves can also affect your vision, making things look blurry and yellowish.

It’s thought that Van Gogh might have been experiencing these side effects during what art historians call his “yellow period”. It is possible that he was given a medicine containing digitoxin to help treat his seizures.

Like Dumbcane, fatal cases of Foxglove poisoning are rare, because most people don’t go munching on these plants. It does, however, happen from time to time.

2 – Pong-pong

The Pong-pong is a tree native to southeast Asia and some Pacific islands. This plant is about ten meters tall, and from the outside, it does look like an average plant. There is indeed nothing ordinary about the Pong-pong. Just one seed would be enough to kill a healthy adult.

The Pong-pong seeds contain cerberin, which is similar to digitoxin in the sense that it interferes with normal heart function. It’s thankfully, not easy to ingest the seeds by accident because they have to be removed from the harder husk first.

People who do end up with cerberin poisoning experience stomach symptoms and changes to their heart rhythm; and will often die within a few hours. Makes you wonder why the Pong-Pong is on our list of most dangerous plants in the world huh?

3 – Oleander

The Oleander is another incredibly poisonous plant that affects the human heart. Pliny the Elder wrote about it, way back in the year 77 CE, describing the shrub being deadly to livestock, but can also be a cure for snakebites. Just to be clear, if you ever get bitten by a snake and find some oleander nearby, do NOT eat the Oleander.

The Oleander doesn’t actually work as an antidote to snake venom, and eating it would probably just speed up the whole dying process.  Oleander contains a bunch of different poisonous compounds, but the principal one goes by the name Oleandrin, which, once again, interferes with the hearts beat and can eventually be fatal, however, it usually isn’t.

Other symptoms include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, plus dizziness, disorientation and blurred vision. So basically Im just saying that you should take your chances with the snake bite and not eat Oleander.

4 – The Dumbcane

The Dumbcane is a common houseplant with a particularly gruesome way of injuring people.  They are comfortable to grow and pleasant to look at, but if you eat them, you’ll end up with blisters and swelling in your mouth and throat.  These injuries can make it difficult to breathe or speak, hence the name of course.

You also want to keep the sap away from sensitive areas of your body, including your eyes, where it can do the same type of damage as your mouth and throat. The problem mainly comes from tiny crystals of calcium oxalate, an acid that’s a significant component of kidney stones.

The crystals are in the shape of needles that can easily stab through the tissues in your digestive system after swallowing them. Botanists think the needles might also contain enzymes that mess with the proteins in your cells, which help make the swelling and burning worse.

The effects can last upwards of two weeks. These consequences can be fatal if the results are blocking the airways. Luckily, deaths from the Dumbcane are a relatively rare occurrence.  But seriously, why would anyone keep this plant in the house?

5 – Hemlock

Hemlock is another poisonous plant that is famous because of ancient writings, including accounts of Socrates’s execution since he was forced to drink a hemlock-based poison.

Some people have also been poisoned by accident since Hemlock can look a lot like the wild parsnip, celery, and carrot plants. Hemlock contains a few different compounds that make it especially dangerous, but the worst of them is probably coniine.

Coniine is a ring of carbon atoms and one nitrogen atom, connected to a chain of carbons. The coniine also interferes with the signals between neurons, and the effects are not pretty.  The poison causes dizziness, trembling, slows down the heart rate and can eventually cause paralysis.   It can be fatal, because the diaphragm, the muscle that helps control breathing also becomes paralyzed.

In today’s world of modern medicine, if a patient can be on a ventilator to help them breathe until the poison wears off, they’ll be fine.

6 – Nightshade (Atropa Belladonna)

Probably the most natural plant on this list to ingest by accident is deadly Nightshade, because to the untrained eye, its berries might look like blueberries. Ten to twenty berries can be enough to kill an adult.

There’s a reason they call it the Nightshade deadly. The plant contains compounds called atropine and solanine.  Atropine is also used as a medication, but not in such high doses, and not in combination with a second deadly poison.

These two chemicals attack the human body in all kinds of ways, which is why deadly Nightshade is another poison that causes practically every symptom possible.  Some symptoms include dry mouth, enlarged pupils, diarrhea, stomach pain, vomiting, slow or rapid pulse, shock, slowed breathing, delirium, fever, and hallucinations.

It is possible to build up a tolerance to the Nightshade.  History tells us all kinds of stories of assassins who use their tolerance to trick their victims into drinking poison.

7 – Doll’s Eyes (Actaea Pachypoda)

Actaea Pachypoda, more commonly known as Doll’s Eyes, or White Baneberry, is native to the Northern and Eastern Parts of North America; and is not only creepy looking but quite deadly.  Although the entire plant is toxic to humans, the berries, which look like little eyeballs, are the most poisonous part.

The concentrated toxins in the fruit have unfortunately killed many children as they not only appear fun to eat but have a sweet taste.  Once ingested, the carcinogenic toxins in the fruit have an almost immediate effect, sedating the heart muscles, causing cardiac arrest and a swift death.

The berries are harmless to birds, the plant’s primary seed dispersers.

They ripen in the summer and disappear in the winter. Remember, if you see these in the summer, stay away.  If you see a Doll’s Eyes in the winter, they may be a deranged person, and you should leave the area immediately.

8 – Rosary Pea

The Rosary Pea looks innocent enough, but don’t be fooled, this bright red berry on a bush contains one of the most poisonous substances in the world.  There’s also no antidote for the Rosary Pea.

This toxic compound is called Abrin. Abrin is what’s known as a ribosome-inactivating protein.  That means when it gets into a cell, it stops that cell’s ribosomes from functioning. The problem is, cells need ribosomes because they make proteins. If they fail to make new proteins, cells will stop working.

The potency of the Rosary Pea is deadly, with just one-tenth of a milligram can kill a human adult. Symptoms will most likely set in within the first day and start with the same gastrointestinal problems we’ve been talking about, like nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

Eventually, the victim gets to look forward to internal bleeding and organ damage, and them, in almost 100% of the cases, death.

9 – White Snakeroot

White Snakeroot contains a mix of compounds known as tremetol, which gets its name from the trembling it causes.  To start feeling the outcomes of death, you would need to eat half a percent to two percent of your body weight to die from eating White Snakeroot.

In the nineteenth century, this shrub filled with small white flowers caused a considerable problem in the American Midwest, where White Snakeroot grows.  People were dying, and no one knew what was causing these deaths.  It turns out they were dying because their livestock was eating tons of White Snakeroot.  Tremetol would end up in the animal’s milk, and then people would die from drinking it, calling it Milk Sickness.

Milk Sickness was Nancy Lincoln’s cause of death in 1818.  Nancy Lincoln was Abraham Lincoln’s mother. Eventually, a doctor named Anna Bixby identified the White Snakeroot as the cause of the milk with the help of a local Shawnee woman.

Some people began removing it from farms where their animals grazed, which is why milk sickness is now almost unheard of these days.

10 – Manchineel Tree (Little Apple of Death)

Not only should you avoid eating the Manchineel Tree, but you also shouldn’t touch it, or even go near to it. The chances of coming across a Manchineel Tree are slim since its only found sparingly around the southern American States, Middle America, and South America.

Manchineels contain all kinds of toxins, and we don’t even yet know what they all are.  We do know, however, that they cause burning pain and irritation everywhere on the body it comes in contact.  The tree’s sap will make human skin burn and blister, even if all you’re doing is standing under it while it’s raining.

Just the smoke from burning a Manchineel Tree is enough to blind someone. If anyone eats the fruit from this tree, they will experience burning, irritation, and swelling of the mouth, throat, and the rest of their digestive tract. The swelling and irritation can be dangerous all on its own, but deaths from eating Manchineel fruits are rare, most likely because people would not keep eating it after the first mouthful.

It’s also hard to get ahold of the Manchineel fruit in the first place because the tree is endangered. We don’t  know how much Manchineel fruits or sap it would take to kill a person. As with so many of the other plants on this list, we do know that the process wouldn’t be a pleasant one. Let’s just say that this could be the number one most dangerous plant in the world!

 

11 – Aconit (AKA Monkshood and Wolfsbane)

For this eleventh most dangerous plant in the forest, have you ever heard of a book called Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone? I’m sure you have. The reason I mention this book is that in Harry’s very first potion lesson, Snape asks him about the difference between Monkshood and Wolfsbane.  We later find out that they’re the same plant, also called Aconite, which is true.  What the book fails to mention is that this plant is also incredibly poisonous.

The Aconite is highly poisonous because of a complicated looking compound is known as aconitine. Aconitine interferes with the human heart and brain.  If you can think of a slew of horrible symptoms, Aconite poising probably causes them.

People who eat Aconite, especially the root or tubers, can end up with muscle weakness, tingling, numbness, irregular heartbeat, low blood pressure, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

The Aconite’s poison is often mentioned as a cause of death in ancient writing, and even these days, about 6% of people who are hospitalized with Aconite poisoning die.

12 – Castor Plant (Ricinus Communis)

Ricinus Communis, known merely as the Castor Plant is native to Eastern Africa and India.  In fact, it could very well be in your backyard right now as a decorative plant.

You can purchase Caster plants at just about any garden center, despite their beans containing the deadly poison Ricin. In 2007 it was named the most poisonous plant in the world by the Guinness Book of Wolrd Records.

The ingestion of four to eight seeds will kill a human in two days, which is long, agonizing, and unstoppable. Surprisingly though, research shows that it takes seven seeds to kill a pig, 11 to kill a dog, and a whopping 80 to execute a duck, which raises the critical question, who’s feeding Ricin to animals to procure this sort of data?

13 – Stinging Bush (Dendrocnide Moroides)

Dendrocnide Moroides, more commonly known as the Stinging Bush is native to the forest of Australia and Indonesia. It’s the most deadly and potent stinging nettle in the world. Distinguished for being covered in tiny hairs that deliver a toxin called Morodin.

The species is an early colonizer in rainforest gaps; seeds germinate in full sunlight after soil disturbance. Although relatively common in Queensland, the species is uncommon in its southern-most range and is listed as an endangered species in New South Wales.

Contact with the leaves or twigs causes the hollow, silica-tipped hairs to penetrate the skin. The hairs produce a painful stinging sensation that can last anywhere from days to years, and the injured area becomes covered with small, red spots joining together to form a red, swollen welt. The sting is famously agonizing. Ernie Rider, who was slapped in the face and torso with the foliage in 1963, said:

“For two or three days the pain was almost unbearable; I couldn’t work or sleep, then it was pretty bad pain for another fortnight or so. The stinging persisted for two years and recurred every time I had a cold shower. … There’s nothing to rival it; it’s ten times worse than anything else.” Source Wikipedia

14 – Angel’s Trumpet

Angels Trumpets is a woody shrub that is extinct in the wild.  They’re indigenous to tropical regions in South America such as Brazil, Chile, and Venezuela.  The Angels Trumpets mainly grow in isolation. Any part of the Angels Trumpet has the potential to be highly poisonous. If someone ingests Angel’s Trumpet,  it will result in a wide range of symptoms.

Once Angel’s Trumpet is in your system, specific muscles become paralyzed, and you will commonly experience sweating, an increased heart rate, diarrhea, and vomiting.  You’re also likely to experience extreme hallucinations.  Both auditory and visually, these illusions have been described as terrifying. While hallucination, people have been known to go into trances and completely lose awareness.

One of the most bizarre examples of such behavior was documented in psychiatry and clinical neuroscience; when a man cut off his penis and tongue after consuming some Angel’s Trumpet.  The plants are even known to cause death to many of its victims.

In some cultures, Angel’s Trumpet is used as a form of punishment. Ancient tribes in South America used to force misbehaving children to take the drug believing it will allow their ancestors from the spirit world to speak to them. It’s also in use for medicinal purposes, usually as an extreme treatment. Some cultures, however,  have used non-lethal doses to induce vomiting with the intent of expelling worms and parasites from a person’s digestive system.

15 – Tobacco

Tobacco leaves are most commonly used in cigarettes, cigars, and pipes for smoking.   Tobacco contains nicotine, a stimulant that is known as being quite addictive.  People using Tobacco are often at risk of many health problems; including liver and kidney damages, heart diseases and lung cancer.

The World Health Organization concluded that around 1 million people died from Tobacco use in the twentieth century. While Tobacco itself may not be particularly harmful, there are thousands of chemicals used in the process of making cigarettes which often exacerbates the health side effects.

In addition to lung cancer, tobacco use can lead to stomach cancer, cancers of the mouth and also pancreatic cancer.  Tobacco can sometimes cause heart attacks, chronic pulmonary diseases, emphysema, and stroke.

Many children are forced into child labor in countries where tobacco is harvested. Many of these children have suffered from green nicotine poisoning. Green nicotine poisoning is a severe condition in which wet tobacco leaves are absorbed by the skin and can cause severe dizziness, vomiting, and nausea.

Conclusion

If you’re anywhere around the world out in the wilderness, remember this list and stay away from potentially dangerous plants. You just never know when you could come face to face with the most dangerous plants in the forest!

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20 Out of The Box Survival Facts If You’re In Danger

IT WORKS! How To Charge Old Alkaline Batteries With The Max Power!

A little while ago, I was looking into the possibilities of not only testing to see how much energy there was in old alkaline batteries but if I could also find a way to recharge them.  The reason I wanted make this happen was because I found an old box full of these old batteries.  I completely forgot I even had them because they were destined to be recycled years ago. So my search begins on Amazon to find out if I can buy an inexpensive charger that is able to recharge old alkaline batteries.  To my amazement, with the right type of charger, you can bring dead batteries back to life. Not only can you recharge rechargeable batteries but you can also recharge dead alkaline batteries!  I was blown away! If you want to go directly to Amazon to check out the Max Power, Click Here!

Like most people these days, when a flashlight, remote control, and any other electronic gadgets would stop working, I would throw the old batteries into my recycling box. I would either swap them out for new batteries or I would buy myself some rechargeable batteries.  Since I’m not the wasteful type, like most preppers I’m certain, I use a significant assortment of rechargeable batteries.  Most rechargeable batteries in my inventory will last me many years, even while sitting on the shelf.

During my brief research on Amazon, I stumbled upon a rechargeable device that can bring dead alkaline batteries indeed back to life!  There are a few on the market that can achieve this task, but I wanted to find out what was the difference between a twenty dollar vs. a 50 dollar charger.

I then found myself on YouTube.  I wanted to search YouTube to find out if there was a charger that was better than others and to also find out if these chargers actually worked the way they are being advertised.  So I finally made a choice after reading a lot of reviews. The Maximal Power Universal Rapid Charger FC999 won the race. Sure, it looks like a device the kids from “Stranger Things” would use but heck, if it works who am I to complain.

The Gear You Will Need

  • Old and preferably dead alkaline batteries.
  • Battery tester under $10.
  • Battery Charger explicitly designed to recharge old alkaline batteries.
  • Testing gear such as a flashlight. You can use any electronic device you want but I like to use a flashlight in this kind of test. With a flashlight, you can determine if the battery is actually charging to a sufficient amount by seeing how bright the flashlight is.  It would prove a success if the flashlight is as bright with these recharged alkaline batteries as with new cells.

Maximal Power Universal Rapid Charger FC999

Maximal Power Universal Rapid Charger is a device equipped with the technology to charge dead AA, AAA, C, D, N, 9V, Ni-MH (Nickel Metal Hydride), Ni-CD (Nickel Cadmium), RAM (Rechargeable Alkaline Manganese) and even Alkaline batteries which is previously non-rechargeable.
It has a Built-In monitor that shows you the charging cycle in each charging port for overcharge and short-circuit protections. It is also built with the latest battery charging technology, “Negative Delta V” deletion to charge Ni-MH and Ni-CD batteries first. Once the battery is fully charged, a constant current trickle charge will keep the battery at an optimum cost.
The reason I chose this particular one is after reading a few reviews on Amazon, it appears that this recharger does the same as the more expensive ones.  The Max Power isn’t the cheapest Alkaline battery recharger either, the reason why I didn’t go with the most affordable is that I wanted something that could recharge more than just AA and AAA batteries. Click here to view current price on Amazon!

 The Battery Tester

As I’m ordering the Maximal Power FC999, I thought to myself that I might need a battery charge tester. I found an inexpensive battery tester on Amazon fairly quickly after reading the reviews of multiple testers. This battery tester is very easy to use and does not require batteries to operate.  This tester is able to test AAA, AA, C, D, 9V & button cell batteries. It has an easy to read, color-coded reading meter: –

Red range = Replace

Yellow range = Low Power –

Green range = Good Simple Battery Tester

Here is the Amazon link to check the current price of this Battery Tester.  

Sorting Through My Dead Alkaline Batteries

I’ve been saving dead alkaline batteries for years.  I do this because we have a battery recycling program at my work and I just make it a habit to bring a bag full once in a while.  I came across these dead batteries while I was sorting through old boxes in my storage container. It was just as a coincidence that I was watching a science video on YouTube about how to recharge old alkaline batteries, so here I am!

The box of alkaline batteries was pretty darn full which was great because that meant I had a lot of raw material to work with. While waiting for my battery tester and alkaline charger to arrive, I sorted through the box, weeding out any leaking or exploded batteries. I also got rid of the oddball batteries such as old cell phone and camera batteries. The dead cells spanned the gamut of brands and sizes; from Duracell to no-name brand batteries I picked up at the dollar store. Even an old N size car remote battery that Max Power claims it can charge.

I consider myself lucky to have most of these batteries intact and ready to charge! Something to keep in mind as you go through the sorting process is that if there is even a single leaker in the box, the residue can spread on to other batteries so it helps to have a rag handy to wipe each battery off to make sure you’re not throwing out a good battery.  If you even suspect that a battery has leaked, or if shows any rust or corrosion, don’t take a chance.  Throw the bad ones back into the recycle box.

Why Alkaline Batteries Leak

Alkaline batteries are prone to leaking potassium hydroxide, a caustic agent that can cause respiratory, eye and skin irritation.  All batteries gradually self-discharge (whether installed in a device or not) and dead batteries will eventually leak.

Extremely high temperatures can also cause batteries to rupture and leak (such as in a car during summer). High temps will also decrease the shelf life of the battery. The reason for leaks is that as batteries discharge, either through usage or gradual self-discharge, the chemistry of the cells changes and some hydrogen gas is generated. This out-gassing increases pressure in the battery. Eventually, the excess pressure either ruptures the insulating seals at the end of the battery or the outer metal canister or both.

In addition, as the battery ages, its steel outer canister may gradually corrode or rust, which can further contribute to containment failure. Once a leak has formed due to corrosion of the outer steel shell, potassium hydroxide absorbs carbon dioxide from the air to form a feathery crystalline structure of potassium carbonate that grows and spreads out from the battery over time, following along metal electrodes to circuit boards, where it commences oxidation of copper tracks and other components, leading to permanent circuitry damage. The leaking crystalline growths can also emerge from seams around battery covers to form a furry coating outside the device, that corrodes any objects in contact with the leaking cell. This information is courtesy of Wikipedia!

My Gear Has Arrived!

I can now begin the process by testing all of the intact batteries in the box.  Much to my surprise, there were a number of batteries that tested “fully charged”.  I now believe that what commonly happens is that, for example, a remote control or flashlight stops working due to low or dead batteries.  You throw the batteries into your recycle box and install new ones.  But in reality, only one of the two, or three batteries are actually dead.  So in effect, you are throwing out one discharged battery while the rest of them are perfectly usable batteries.

I have a television remote that I always have to shake to make it work since the batteries are almost dead and I don’t have any replacements at hand. As I’m checking both batteries, I discover that one was completely dead while the other one was showing half power after placing both of them in the battery tester.  So even if you’re not going to buy the battery charger, I would suggest purchasing the battery tester for this reason alone!

Let’s See How This Alkaline Battery Recharger Works

Now here is the deal with this alkaline battery recharger.  It has four separate charging slots that operate independently from each other.  This means that you can mix and match battery sizes (AA, AAA, C, D) without a problem.  It also has a center 9V battery chamber. As I stated above, this charger is also capable of charging Ni-cd and Ni-MH batteries, but I only experimented it on Alkaline batteries.

There is a slider switch that allows you to select the type of batteries you are charging, they can not and should not be mixed and matched by the model (although, as I mentioned, various sizes of the same type work just fine.) Oh and also, DO NOT try to recharge a Lithium-Ion battery, this device is not designed for that.

Yes, It Really Does Work!

I’ve had a couple of battery chargers, way back when. But I always wished there was a way to recharge my dead alkaline batteries. I’m sure battery manufacturers have their technical reasons why this is a bad idea and make no mistake, one of those reasons is that they want you to keep tossing and buying batteries.

So this mystical alkaline charger never seemed to cross my path… until now. I started with a few D size generic batteries, branded by an inexpensive battery manufacturer, so I wasn’t expecting much.  Using my new battery tester, I made sure the batteries were completely dead. I was wondering if I should go get some safety goggles in case these batteries explode! Of course, I should be fine since I never stumbled upon a review that mentioned this kind of event.

I placed the D size batteries into the charger, one by one, with a bit of skepticism of course.  The LCD on the Max Power charger began flashing as it read the batteries, then the screen switched to “Charging”!  After about 8 hours, the charger light went from red to green, indicating a completed charge. I placed my freshly recharged batteries into a camping lantern, and BAM! Light! Not just any light, it was bright, not dim like I sort of expected.

There is no question that I was a bit pessimistic when I inserted the batteries into the charger for the first time.  But there was no smoke and no explosion, only four fully charged batteries! How could this be that almost no one knows about this device?

The Manufacturers Note

The brief manual that came with the charger stated that alkaline batteries can be charged from 75% to 90% of their original capacity.  It further said that the batteries should be fully drained before recharging.  I did find, however, that as a practical matter, the fully drained batteries came up “BAD” and could not be recharged at all. So remember that and try to recharge them before they go bad.  Most times when your batteries stop working, it doesn’t mean they are dead, it just means they don’t have sufficient power to activate the device they are trying to activate.

My New Assembly Line

Bolstered by the success of my first experiment, I went through my box of dead alkaline batteries and I soon had an array of miscellaneous batteries lined up like an assembly line, ready to be charged. For my second charging attempt, I decided to go for something a bit more challenging. I pick up four of the oldest AAA batteries that I had in my lineup. As I popped them in one by one, the Max Power read two of them as “bad”. I tried those ones in different chambers, just to be sure, but the Max Power rejected them every single time.

I grabbed two more AAA batteries an placed them on the charger. The Max Power began to charge all 4 AAA’ selected.  After only an hour later, all the lights on the Max Power were already turned green. I suspected that maybe my second attempt at charging my old alkaline AAA batteries had failed; since the charging process was so brief. I popped 2 batteries out of the charger and into one of my tactical flashlight and clicked on! Guess what, it came on, and its bright!  The light was as bright as if using brand new batteries!

Conclusion

I soon learned that while this Max Power can charge pretty much anything, it didn’t mean these old alkaline batteries were suddenly as good as a brand new one.  It did, however, charge every one of my cells except for four that the Max Power indicated as “BAD”. Now I have a fresh pile of recharged alkaline batteries to experiment.

That’s when I discovered that the manufacturer’s information was accurate; the owners manual says it can only charge alkalines to about 80% power. It soon became evident with high drain devices like my wireless headphones. If I use these recharged alkalines on low power electronics, like LED flashlights, remote controls, clocks, etc., then they work perfectly fine. But if I put them in a high drain electronic, that draws constant power; then the batteries will quickly show their limitations.

I put a couple of AAs into a specialty lamp that I own. The lamp continuously ran for about 12 hours, before it began dimming. The alkaline battery ultimately died 8 hours later (compared to double that amount of time with brand new batteries).

So while this Maximal Power can indeed recharge alkaline batteries, it’s clear that they are best suited for low-drain devices that only draw power from the batteries intermittently. So don’t go charging a bunch of D cells for your emergency survival kit.  I recommend charging alkalines for less important uses. However, this should still prove to be a money saver, all the same. I also think that this device is a great tool for any preppers.  Preppers can use this gadget during times of crisis, just be sure to have a generator so the Max Power can do its job.

I hope you found this information valuable! Please comment below and don’t forget to share and subscribe!

Wowtac BSS V3 Tactical Flashlight Review / A1S BSS TAC V2 vs. BSS V3

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Wowtac BSS V3 Tactical Flashlight Review / A1S BSS TAC V2 vs. BSS V3

I’m sure that most of you are aware how awesome the Wowtac BSS A1S V2 tactical flashlight is.  The third iteration in the Wowtac BSS line is an excellent upgrade from the second version.  Most of the enhancements they made came from user feedback, making the upgrades even more relevant because they come from people actually use this product. Click Here to go directly to Amazon to check out the Wowtac BSS V3!

Wowtac BSS V3 Upgrades

  • Weight – The weight of the BSS V3 tac light has been reduced to make it a tad more pocketable. The BSS V3 weighs 3.04 ounces vs. 4.8 ounces of the A1S BSS Tac V2.  Not much difference but with more than 25% of its weight gone, I’ll take it!
  • Bezel – The BSS V3 has an upgraded stainless steel strike bezel which gives it more strength and durability.  The BSS V2 bezel is made from the same 6061 aluminum as the rest of the tactical light. The new stainless steel strike bezel gives you the opportunity to use this tac light as a small weapon if there’s an attack.  You won’t have to worry about breaking or damaging the new bezel, if you need to use it as self-defense or if you need to use it to break a window. I think that it’s a great idea to have sturdy bezel if you are using this tac light as an EDC.
  • Selector Switch – The new version’s selector switch is now at the bottom to give you easier access if holding the light like you would an ice pick.  The BSS V2 selector switch was at the top, just below the light. I didn’t find any difference between having the selector switch on the bottom vs. the top. Most of the time Im not holding the flashlight in an ice pick position.  I did notice though that if you are using this torch as a weapon, you can use your trigger finger to press the selector switch while holding it in an icepick position.
  • Dovetail – They got rid of the dovetail that was on the A1S BSS V2. That allows for much easier access to the back button if you’re in smash and flash defense situation. I’m happy they got rid of the dovetail, I like to have the on/off switch sticking out to make it easier to push the button.  You have to realize that most of the time you’re pushing the button with the middle of your thumb while wrapping your hand around the flashlight. It would be entirely different if you always turn on the light with the tip of your thumb, but in reality, you don’t always do that. Makes perfect sense to me!
  • Strobe Mode – One of the most significant complaints people have with the Wowtac BSS V2 is the strobe access.  The v2, you have to push the button three times to get the strobe going.  In the v3, you only need to press the selector switch once to initiate strobe mode.  I think that’s a great idea and a good change because using the strobe mode in an attackers face could be the difference between life and death. Quick and easy access is essential when your primary use for this tac light is in tactical situations or wilderness survival.
  • Battery – The battery is the same as the BSS V2. It’s a 18650 rechargeable battery. I like this feature because the coolest thing is that you can charge other devices directly from the battery. There’s a micro USB (Standard connector for all mobile phones except Apple) connector access point at the bottom of the battery itself. See picture below.  The cell also comes fully charged.  When you receive the flashlight, make sure to take off the little cardboard end caps on each end of the battery before use. I wasn’t impressed that my new battery was dead on arrival until I found the small pieces of cardboard on both ends. My fault for feeling like an idiot for a few minutes.
  • Red Lens –  The BSS Version 3 comes with a unique red lens, just like it’s predecessor, no upgrades there. The red lens is useful for people using night vision. I use the red lens in case of an emergency situation and also as a locator. If I’m out hiking and get separated from my group, I’ll turn on the red strobe light and point it towards the sky, making it reasonably easy for my group to locate me.
  • S.O.S Feature – The S.O.S. feature is gone.  They got rid of this feature because the strobe substitutes for the s.o.s. ; Especially if you insert the red lens and activate the strobe, making a great S.O.S. signal.
  • Price – The price of the Wowtac BSS v3 is a bit higher than the BSS V2. Most vendors charges between ten and twenty dollars extra for the V3 vs. the V2. I think it’s worth paying the extra ten bucks because it’s a tac light I plan to own for a long time.

Wowtac BSS V3 Technical Specifications

  •  LED: CREE XP-L V6 LED with a lifespan of 20+ years and runs on a Wowtac manufactured lithium Ion battery (3.6V/3400mAh); with a working voltage of 2.7V-4.2V.
  • In strobe Mode, the lighting output is 1150 lumens with a runtime of 2.7 hrs.
  • High Mode has a lighting output of 1050 lumens and a runtime of 2.7 hrs.
  • The medium mode’s lighting output is 208 lumens with a runtime of 8 hrs.
  • The Lowest lighting setting available for the V3 is 22 lumens with an impressive 2.2 days of runtime.
  • The peak beam intensity is 12150 cd (max) with a max distance of 220 meters.
  • The V3 is waterproof to IPX-7 standard with a debt resistance of 1 meter.
  • The impact resistance is also 1 meter.
  • Dimensions of the V3 are 139mm/25.4mm/24mm, and the weight is 86g excluding the battery.

How To Operate This Wowtac BSS Third Incarnation

To turn your BSS V3 on, click the tail switch. The light will be on High mode when you turn it on. When the light’s on, cycle click the side switch to go from the high, medium and low setting. Press and hold the side switch for one second to activate the strobe mode. When the V3 is off, you can enable the strobe mode by pressing the side switch. Holding the side switch for 5 seconds will give you a constant strobe light. There is also a low battery indicator.  If the battery power is low, the indicator light will blink twice.

In The Box

  • Wowtac BSS V3 (Version 3) Tactical Flashlight
  • USB Rechargeable Lithium Ion 18650 battery (1).
  • Charging Cable Micro USB to USB2 (1).
  • Spare O-rings (2).
  • Pocket Clip (1).
  • Red Lens Cover (1).
  • Stainless Steel Strike Bezel (1).

Conclusion

After buying my fair share of ten dollar tactical flashlights, I can say that this is by far the best one I’ve owned.  Just remember, you often get what you pay for, and that’s no different with survival gear such as this. Frankly put, at around 50 bucks, with a rechargeable battery like this one, you won’t be able to beat this flashlight with any other flashlights on the market for durability, power, and function. Fenix, Eagletac, Surefire, Nitecore, Olight, and others better take note. This product does sometimes go on sale so Click Here if you want to check the current price on Amazon. Read the reviews and you’ll see that the majority of customers are very happy with their purchase.

Please leave me a comment below, I always love interacting with the survival community!

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Unreal Water Purification Tablets Facts, Best Water Purifying Tablets Review

Water purification tablets have the ability to kill pathogens in water and make it safe for human consumption.  Using water purification tablets are not only for backpackers and survival pepper’s but military forces around the world use these purification tabs to avoid sickness when fighting abroad. Click Here to go directly to Amazon for my favorite Water Purification Tablets!

International travelers also use purification tablets so to avoid contracting travelers diarrhea when on vacation. They are frequently in use in emergency situations such as floods or hurricanes, when the water supplies may be unsafe for human consumption.

Active Ingredients in Water Purification Tablets

The active ingredient in water purification tablets is typically Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate,  chlorine dioxide or iodine.  The toxicity and flavor of iodine water purification tablets can be a little problematic, as they’re generally not a good choice for pregnant women, people with iodine allergies, or anyone with thyroid issues.

The different chemicals in water filtration tablets deactivate bacteria, viruses, and parasitic protozoans, rendering them harmless and safe for consumption.

Many of these contaminants can cause disease, illness or death. Giardia lamblia and Campylobacter Jejuni are among the most common harmful microorganisms encountered during wilderness activities.

  • Caution: Iodine tablets are not effective against Cryptosporidium; Potable Aqua Chlorine Dioxide tablets are effective against Cryptosporidium.
  • Some people are allergic to iodine. If you have a shellfish allergy, you’re also likely allergic to iodine.
  • If you have a sensitive throat or sinuses, try to stay away from pure chlorine tabs.

Difference Between The Tablets

There is many water purification tablets on the market, each requiring specific usage to work efficiently. Typically, one or more tablets are dissolved into a container of water.  Depending on the brands, most purification tablets will filter one liter per one tablet. However, you should always read and follow the recommended mixture of water and tablet quantities. The filtration process usually takes around 30 minutes.
The most popular water purification tablets on the market today are Aquatabs and are made from Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate.  Aquatabs have been around for over 15 years and is safe to use for an extended period, unlike iodine purification tablets.  I would however only use purification tablets in times of emergency, or when I’m out in the wilderness for a short time. 

Benefits And Considerations

Water purification tablets are portable and straightforward.  Some tablets are even individually sealed, making it even easier to have in a small survival case. If you store them properly, some can last up to five years from their manufacturing date. Unlike many other purification techniques like boiling, filtration or ultraviolet radiation, water purification tablets require no specialized equipment, power or fuel. Water purification tablets can make an excellent filtration system as a backup for other techniques in case of equipment failure or other water filtration issues. Because water purification tablets are small and lightweight (size of a small Tylenol), people often include them in survival and emergency kits.

Downfall of Purification Tablets

The only downfall of using water purification tablets is its inability to remove sediment or chemical pollutants. Chemically purifying water containing sediment requires additional time and a more substantial concentration of chemicals. It’s always better to filter sediment out of the water before using purification tablets. Filtering sediments can quickly be done by directly pouring the water through a thin piece of cloth like a bandana into a container. The reason why it’s essential to filter out the sediments is that microorganism can hide inside sediments and survive the tablets purifying process.

Precautions

We recommend the following general precautions when using water purification tablets. Keep out of reach of children. Do not swallow the tablets. If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately and show outside packaging. Wash after handling. Do not mix with other products. Store in a cool, dry place. Read product pamphlet for relevant information before first use.

Top Water Filtration Tablets On The Market Today

Aquatabs Water Filtration Tablets

Aquatabs Water Filtration Tablets contains a measured dose of Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate, commonly referred to as NaDCC. When added to water, it dissolves to release a measured dose of hypochlorous acid (free available chlorine) that is universally recognized as a safe and effective water disinfectant.  Aquatabs will not color the water or leave an unpalatable taste. NaDCC works very differently from traditional chlorine, and as such, it is very difficult to distinguish any chlorine taste. In fact, there is usually less of a chlorine taste in water treated with Aquatabs than there is in any municipal tap water.  Aquatabs are one of the few water purification tablets on the market today which are certified to NSF / ANSI 60. Its active ingredient, NaDCC (ACL60 grade) is also US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) approved.

Aquatabs take less than one minute to completely dissolve once placed into water and leave no residue or sediment. Length of time may vary depending on water temperature.  The water is then safe for human consumption after 30 minutes. Click here to see current Amazon price.

One big Con of Aquatabs

Unlike Iodine water purifying tablets, Aquatabs only have a shelf life of 5 years when they are left in their original foil packaging in a cool, dry place.  The expiry date is on each stip of 10 tablets.

This particular product is effective against Giardia when following the proper directions. There is no proof, however, that Aquatabs are effective against Cryptosporidium when this cyst is in the oocyst stage of its life cycle. Cryptosporidium is however not considered to be a common cyst. If you suspect Cryptosporidium contamination, boil the water for 1 to 3 minutes depending on elevation or filter to a level of 1 micron absolute and then treat with Aquatabs to inactivate remaining bacteria and viruses that filtration does not remove.

Micropur MP1 claims that its the only product of its kind, EPA registered as a microbiological water purifier. Micropur MP1 tablets release chlorine dioxide, the same substance used in municipal drinking water plants worldwide. So not only is the water safe to drink but it also leaves a bit of a chlorine aftertaste. The chlorine aftertaste is not so bad; I would compare it to the same level of chlorine taste as in most city water sources. Each Katadyn Tablets have an individual packaging giving it a shelf life of 5 years. Each tablet treats 1 liter of water.

Wait time is as follows:

  • 5 minutes for Viruses and Bacteria in all water.
  • 30 minutes for Crypto and Giardia in ordinary water (60oF, clear water).
  • 4 hours for Crypto in worst case water (39o F, very dirty, slightly acidic water, i. e. the kind you’d want to double pump with a purifier).

Pros; Like the Aquatabs, they are individually wrapped for secure storage, packing, and safety. They are also very easy to use by just opening the wrapper and adding to your water.

Cons of Katadyn MP1; Since the Katadyn water purification tablets are stronger than other purification tablets out there, they may take longer to purify your water vs. other tablets on the market.  The water may look yellowish after treatment, but even so, it’s still safe for human consumption.

Click Here for Current Amazon Price.

Here is a short video review of Katadyn MP1 by PeakSurvial.

Polar Pure Iodine Water Filter Purifier

Polar Pure water disinfectant had been a long time favorite among wilderness enthusiast and is on many top 5 list of survivalist reviews. So for this reason, I decided to look a bit deeper into this so-called product. Polar Pure uses iodine crystals to disinfect, and it became prevalent over the years when it was available for almost thirty years. This small container has an indefinite shelf life, making it a great product if you want to store it in an emergency shelter that might not be in use for decades to come. Polar Pure can disinfect up to 2000 liters of water against water-borne pathogens including Giardia cysts… Giardia, of course, being marketed as being the pathogen to be aware!

Polar Pure water disinfectant uses iodine and is very highly effective against all bacteria and viruses. It is also very effective against the Giardia protozoa, although it has a limited effect on the Cryptosporidium protozoa even after prolonged exposure. That is because Cryptosporidium is known to be much more widespread and common than thirty years ago. Polar Pure, depending on where you intend to use it, might not be such a great water purifier as it might have once believed to have been.

Why Was There a Ban on Polar Pure?

So, does Polar Pure Iodine water purifier make it an ideal solution for your water purifying needs? Sure,  except for a couple of facts that we will address.  These facts are unfortunate for this company and this product because it doesn’t reflect on the effectiveness of Polar Pure itself.

In 2007, iodine became classified as a controlled substance. The reason for this is because manufacturers of methamphetamines (crystal meth) were buying vast quantities of the Polar Pure product to obtain the iodine necessary to make methamphetamine. Polar Pure became too complicated for the manufacturer to continue producing it because of the new classification.  Sellers had no choice but to pull Polar Pure off their shelf so they wouldn’t be in violation of the controlled substance act. It became available again recently but under strict restrictions. One of the limitations is they can only ship one bottle per day to each customer, even if you order more than one bottle.

You can still find them on Amazon by following this link but are only available from 3rd party sellers. This product is always a favorite among many outdoorsmen.  If I were you, I wouldn’t buy more than one bottle because it might look a bit suspicious in regards to the entire crystal meth ordeal.

Aquamira Chlorine Dioxide Water Purification Tablets

On the Aquamira website, they claim their water purification tablets are the best, of course, they would.  They are perfect for emergency kits, foreign travel, backcountry and outdoor activities; one tablet treats one liter of water and kills 99.99% of bacteria and cysts including Giardia and Cryptosporidium. Further improves taste and removes odors.  Aquamira claims that their tablets kill waterborne pathogens better than iodine or chlorine bleach with no strange aftertaste.

After Trying them

These water filtration tabs did not overly impress me. I did not feel comfortable drinking the purified water so I cannot attest to their taste or effectiveness. After putting the tablets into my water bottle, I turned to the packaging to determine if I could drink the purified water immediately. The individual packaging did not have any instructions but instead came with several warnings including :

PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENTS

  • Hazardous to humans and animals
  • DANGER Corrosive. Cause irreversible eye damage and skin burns.
  • They are Harmful if absorbed through the skin or swallowed.
  • Do not get in eyes, on skin or clothing.
  • Wear protective eyewear (goggles, face shield, or safety glasses) protective clothing and rubber gloves.
  • Wash thoroughly with soap and water after handling.
  • Remove contaminated clothing and wash clothing before reuse.

While I don’t doubt that these tablets are safe to use if correctly following the instructions; After reading such severe warnings, I certainly didn’t feel comfortable drinking the water.

If you buy these tablets, make sure you memorize the instructions or have them written down since the individual packages do not have any instructions. The manufacturer should consider adding some simple directions to the individual packaging.  Some people love this product and swear by it. Click here for Current Amazon Price.

 

Consider your budget

Picking the right purification tablets shouldn’t be much of a challenge. With the tips listed above, you’ll be able to make the right call and keep the perfect product on hand for whatever situation that comes your way. I would also suggest you click on one of the Amazon links above and read the many customer reviews to find out which water purifying tablet is right for you.

Budgeting is always an important step when choosing any product. Some of these pills are more expensive than others. The cheapest water filtration tablets I could find was Aquatabs. The link above is for a pack of 200 individual tabs for under 10 dollars! Now, that’s a bargain!

You might not need that many tablets since most have a 5-year shelf life.  If you only take one or two big wilderness trips during the year, you might want to go with a pill that’s available in a smaller quantity. You might not need more than 10 or 20 tablets to get you through your hiking season, and you wouldn’t want to buy something that will expire before your next trip.

Conclusion

So which is the best water purification tablets for you? You’ll need to go through the information above to help you make the best choice. Remember to keep any emergency water purification you choose with you at all times when you’re hiking and camping. You never know when your water supply might run out.

21 Inexpensive Barter Items When SHTF

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21 Inexpensive Barter Items When SHTF

We now live in a post-apocalyptic world after an “SHTF” situation.  You ran out of food and water, but you still have some items in your possession that you can barter.  You ask yourself, What are the best bartering items after SHTF? Remember, cash is KING but only if there’s a Kingdom, otherwise, cash becomes useless.  We always talk about some post-apocalyptic situation, but in the case of bartering, it doesn’t even have to be the end of the world to render cash useless.  At the end of World War Two, you could not buy much of anything in Germany with a wheel barrel full of money.

Here Is Our List Of 21 Inexpensive Barter Items You Can Use When SHTF

Gold and Silver Coins

After money runs out, people might resort back to gold and silver as a currency.  Either by using coins, bars or jewelry. Gemstones would probably not be worth much because it would become difficult to distinguish a real gem from a fake one. For that reason, I would not bother giving gemstones much importance.

As far as gold or silver bars are concerned, one I like, in particular, is the “breakaway system.”  The breakaway system is a way where you can purchase gold or silver bars where you can separate them by grams and break individual pieces. This barter item might not last very long since you can’t eat gold or silver. Think of this as a long-term bartering item and not a short-term one. When people are desperate, not long after the fall of civilization, precious metals will be the last thing people will want to acquire as a trading item. This is more for when a new civilization is forming, and precious metals become valuable again.

For some of you that are not be familiar with the breakaway system, you can check out the link below to learn more.

Tobacco Products

Cigarettes and cigars are going to be very hard to find because people may not realize how much of these items are shipped to stores on a daily basis.  Supermarkets, gas stations, and convenience stores are being replenished continuously, so when the trucks and trains are no longer moving; tobacco products are going to be very hard to find after they’re all gone.

Alcohol

Alcohol products would run out very quickly after looting begins.  You can stockpile alcohol, but its tricky since bottles of liquor is heavy and takes a lot of space. There’s also a fire danger regarding high amounts of alcohol, so be careful if you decide to buy some liquor on the cheap. One great idea if you want to stockpile alcohol is to buy nips of liquor.  These small bottles are far easier to store and would make a great trading item.

Medications

This barter item is probably the most important one on the list.  Medication is something that the television series “Z Nation” got right.  I know, its just another zombie show but take out all the zombies, and all you’re left with is a post-apocalyptic landscape.  In this TV show, they trade pills, and it works very well for them, and I think that it could work just as well in reality. After the trucks stop moving and the pharmacies are empty, it will be difficult to find something as simple as aspirin. This is something that you can buy in bulk and that you should store in your emergency shelter for yourself and barter.

Water Purification Tablets

Water purification tablets are an item that I rarely see on a pepper’s bartering item list. Think about it; you can buy a pack of 100 water purification tablets for as low as 10 dollars at some places.  You can either buy them individually sealed or have 100 pills in one single bottle.  I would suggest buying them sealed separately because they would be much easier to trade.  You should always save some for yourself as well so you can purify your water source.

Water purification Tabs are effervescent tablets which kill microorganisms in water to prevent cholera, typhoid, dysentery and other water-borne diseases. Clean drinking water is ready in 30 minutes. 

You can pick some up from Amazon by clicking here!

Ammunition

Bullets have value, and this is proven throughout our history.  The term “Shot Glass” comes from ammo trading as currency.  Shot glass refers to a time back in the old west.  When you wanted a drink and didn’t have any money, you could trade a bullet for a shot of liquor.  Ammunition will always have value, especially in desperate times when people are hungry and would do anything to eat.

Make sure you only sell ammunition to someone you trust. Most peppers say that people shouldn’t use ammo as a bartering item because they will turn around and shoot you soon after buying bullets from you.  I think that anyone that has a gun would have at least a few rounds on hand, so if they want to kill you, they wouldn’t have to wait until you provide them with ammunition.

Seeds

Fruits and vegetable seeds would be an Inexpensive barter items you could have with you in storage. People are going to need to go back to the days of farming and planting gardens.  If it’s been years since the government fell and there is still no official organization taking care of people, everyone will have to start over. One of the best items to start over with are seeds.  Viable seeds are going to become very hard to find and would be a valuable item for trade.

Coffee & Tea

Coffee especially is a vice item that people are addicted to and drink every single day! When everything stops moving, you will not be able to get your Colombian coffee beans anymore. We would suggest you buy canisters of instant coffee since instant coffee can last for a much longer time than fresh coffee beans. Just make sure not to open the can or bottle until the time is right because when open, it dramatically reduces its shelf life.

Toilet Paper

Toilet paper is undoubtedly one of those items that we take for granted. So much so that we probably never think what would happen if we ultimately ran out of toilet paper and had to find an alternative way to wipe ourselves. We naturally would find another way, but until that time comes, you would have a valuable product on hand.  Click on this LINK for a full history lesson on what people were using as a toilet paper alternative in the past.

First Aid Kits / Medical Supplies

Medical supplies and first aid kits would be a great bartering item to have, even if its just band-aids.  I would recommend Band-Aids that have Neosporin antibiotic directly on the Band-Aid pad itself. Any type of antibiotic will become a precious commodity due to a higher infection rate. Having Band-Aids with antibiotic as a trading item would be a great asset.  You can buy them in bulk from your local Costco, or you can click here to check out the current Amazon price for bulk Neosporin band-aids.

Batteries

After the grid is down and the gasoline tanks have run dry, people will have no means of recharging their rechargeable batteries.  That is why regular non-rechargeable cells will become a valuable item to barter with after SHTF.  Batteries don’t typically have a long shelf life so just keep rotating them with new ones every so often if you decide to stock up!

Spices and Seasonings

Once upon a time,  spices and seasoning were one of the most valuable items on earth.  Salt, pepper, paprika just to name a few.  Unless someone has a garden and can plant and process these items, they will be gone for good! There was a time when salt was worth a fortune.  They would use salt to preserve meat because a few hundred years ago, freezers were not invented yet.

I like this idea in particular because we live in a time where spices and seasoning are so cheap to buy, and you can store it for a very long time.

Tooth Paste/Shavers and Blades/Toothbrush/Floss/Underarm Deodorants/Soap/Shampoo

These items are another thing we take for granted and never really think about a situation where we would never be able to use them again. That’s why they would become so important when people realize they are no longer accessible. Some might think these are luxury items, but if you don’t take care of your hygiene, you could end up being very sick.

One great tip to stock up on these items for free is from hotels.  Most hotels these days have a supply of travel size toiletry items. If you bring them home after every hotel stay and place them in a box, you could have a nice stock after a few years. Best of all, its free and a great “individual” bargaining items. Some hotels even give out disposable razors. Disposable razors would be valuable, so stock up!  You can also buy them in bulk from Amazon for less money than you would expect.

Hand Sanitizer

Hand sanitizer would be very important to have with you. If there’s a lack of water, and no way to wash your hands, small bottles of hand sanitizer would be essential.  You can buy a big bottle for your home or your bug out bag and have small travel size bottles to either barter or have on you at all times. The last thing you want in a post-apocalyptic world is to get sick. Medications will be scarce, and it will be nearly impossible to find a doctor.

Sanitary Pads For Women

Sanitary pads for women is another item that most people would not even think about; because its something people take for granted and never think twice when buying them.  One great thing about sanitary pads is that you can use them in a first aid situation to stop a bleeding wound. The absorption capacity in sanitary pads is specially made to absorb blood. You can use this item for many more ways than just being a woman’s product.  That’s why sanitary pads for women is a great bartering item.  They are inexpensive in bulk and can keep them in your emergency stock indefinitely.

Candles

A candle is a barter item I rarely see on other peppers bartering lists. However, when the lights go out for good, candles will become something precious. The beautiful thing about candles is that they are inexpensive when buying in bulk.  Regular white, unscented candles would be best (In my humble opinion).  They are also a great item to save since you are not required to keep them in a cool, dry place, you can store them anywhere you want. Click here for a pack of 72 candles for less than $20 from Amazon! 

Fuel

Gasoline, butane, Karoseen, oil, propane are all things that would disappear fast and would not come back.  I used to work at a gas station back in the late 90s. We would sometimes run out of gas because the fuel truck was delayed by just one day to replenish our underground tanks.  Gasoline is something that is replenished globally on a daily basis, and when everything stops, fuel will disappear almost immediately!

Just as an example, Craigslist had to be shut down only a few years ago after there was a massive snowstorm on the east coast.  The reason they had to shut craigslist down was that people were trading sex for gasoline because all the gas stations were running out of fuel. Moreover, people needed fuel to run their generators. Do you understand now how desperate society will become in a brief period?

Honey and Sugar

Honey would be one of the best cheap barter items to have in your emergency storage since it will never spoil if you keep it in a cool, dry place. Sugar is another item that keeps for a long time and that people might want.  These things are not what you would consider an essential food product, but to have some comfort food after the end of the world could prove priceless to some people.

Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

Having a garden to feed yourself is very important since your emergency food stocks will not last forever if the grid is down indefinitely. Also, having fruits and vegetables to barter with can prove extremely valuable, especially if there aren’t any left for people to eat.

Building a raised garden can be inexpensive and easy to do.  If you don’t want to make it yourself with lumber, you can buy some hard plastic crates.  You then fill the containers up with topsoil and whatever vegetable seeds you want to grow.  Click on the video below; They explain how to build them correctly.

Books

Books are more of a luxury item, but as time goes on, people will get incredibly board without their IPad’s and video games.  Of course, any books would do, BUT the best books to have on hand in a situation like this would be “useful books.” Books about how to grow things, how to make things. Also, books that teach you the different types of wild plants that are safe to eat, and even the ones you should avoid if you’re out in the wilderness. Books of that kind will be one of the most valuable things you would have If you’re willing to part ways with them. If you’re able to remember everything you read, then you would have a significant trading item. Click here to check this book out on Amazon.

Personal Skills

The skills you have to offer might not be something you think is valuable, but the skills you know would be incredibly invaluable in a post-apocalyptic world.  Just remember, if you’re a medical doctor, you will become a priceless member of any society. You could trade your skills for food and water by teaching people the basics of medical aid.

If you’re a hunter, you can hunt and barter your kills for items.  You can even teach people how to hunt as a method of trade.

There are too many skills that would become valuable. Martial arts is another excellent skill to teach people the basics of self-defense. In a world filled with marauders, knowing how to disarm someone would undoubtedly be a life saver! And if you want to be the most popular person in town, learn how to brew beer! Enough said.

Bartering Tips

Don’t barter one-on-one; do it in a public barter location with other people around. Don’t barter anywhere near your own supplies, and only take a few items so you do not expose yourself as well-supplied; stick to bartering only the items you brought and do not volunteer that you have other items you did not bring. If asked, just say no. It’s perfectly feasible that you might have those items to trade at the next “meet” so don’t worry about being caught in a lie. A SHTF situation is not the time to worry about whether people think you’re “nice.”

Also, please be very aware of loiterers, people who are just a little too friendly, and being followed back to your location. Take a roundabout way back, make a couple stops, and always survey your surroundings. Be safe and survive!

Click here for information on this great book “The Survivalist Food Bible”

Most great ideas come from the survival community, so please leave us a comment below and let us know what barter item you would add that’s not on this list. Share this article to anyone that you think might benefit!

17 DIY Must For Long Term Emergency Food Supply

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20 Out of The Box Survival Facts If You’re In Danger

20 Out of The Box Survival Facts If You’re In Danger

We’ve compiled a list of 20 Out of The Box Survival facts that could save your life.  Some of these facts might sound familiar to you, but others might surprise you.

#1 – How To Spot a Venomous Snake

If you look on the ventral side of a snake, a poisonous snake will have non-bifurcated scales.  Bifurcated scales are scales that do not look like they are split in half.  A non-poisonous snake scales look separate as if they split in half.  I’m going to have to put a disclaimer on this one though; There are a few exceptions to the rule so don’t get too cocky and go on fighting what you think is a non-venomous snake but ends up killing you with its fatal venom! Watch the video below to learn more and to learn how to spot a venomous snake by looking at its tail.

#2 – How to Deal With A Knife Wound

Do you know what the best thing to do in the unfortunate event of a stabbing is?  The best thing you can do might not be what you expect, and of course, this is after you’ve called 911!  You should not try to remove the knife from the wound.  The position of the blade could be holding blood in and trying to remove it could, therefore, lead to more bleeding and more tissue damage.  The best thing you should do is to try to keep it in the same place as the incident until seen by a medical professional.

#3- Use Aspirin During a Heart Attack

Here’s one that might not surprise a lot of you since its now a well-known fact. We decided to add it to the list because its a potentially life-saving trick that maybe some people never heard.  If you or someone around you has a heart attack, did you know that one potential cure or at least a way of lessening the effects is to swallow an aspirin?  Aspirin can stop blood clots and thin the blood.  Of course, its not as simple as taking aspirin and everything being perfectly fine, make sure to immediately get the heart attack victim to a hospital as soon as possible.

#4 – Ask Specific People For Help

This tip could help you in a wide variety of situations.  There are lots of times when you may need some help in public areas.  Of course, we would all like to believe that in an emergency everyone around will run to our assistance.  However, not everyone has the same mindset to come to peoples aid.  As you think that everyone will try to help you, everyone else in the crowd thinks everyone else is going to help you, so they don’t need to.  This practice is called the bystander effect.  Whats the best way to get around this is by calling on a specific person to help you.  Call them out by their clothing or hairstyle, so they know you’re addressing them.  Its a shame to have to resort to this kind of method but sometimes you have to force people to be nice.

5 – How to Hold Your Keys Correctly

Here is the fact that many people know but that most people are not doing correctly.  If you feel someone following you, one of the best weapons you’re likely to have on you is your keys.  Most people think the best thing to do is make some brass knuckle with several keys between several fingers.  This method is not particularly efficient, and you could end up breaking a finger in the process of defending yourself.

You will need to hold them more firmly than that to allow you to apply proper pressure.  It’s best to hold the key holder or the end of the key firmly in your hand and just leave the point of the key sticking out.  Holding the key this way will give you a much better grip.  Maybe you shouldn’t practice this method on a person until you’re being attacked but try practicing on a pillow, and you will notice how effective this method can become.

6 – What To Do In a Chip Pan Fire

You maybe remember this one from school, or maybe you forgot what to do in the case of a chip pan or an oil pan fire. Unlike other types of fires, you should never try to pour water on the fire.  The water particles will go directly to the bottom of the pan and evaporate, making the flames stronger or even leading to an explosion.  The best thing to do to cut off the fires oxygen source by smothering the flames with a lid or with a damp but NOT a dripping wet cloth.  Maybe you remember that from school, but a reminder certainly doesn’t hurt.

7 – Use Your Pants As a Float

Everyone from Boy Scouts to Marines uses this trick.  If you find yourself struggling to keep afloat in deep water, you can make your life jacket.  Begin by floating out of your pants and tying the legs of your pants together.  Next, swing the pants over your head quickly, capturing as much air possible, and the put them back in the water.  Placing this around your neck makes a surprisingly effective float.

8 – Remeber The Rule of Three

In extreme conditions, always try to remember the rule of three.  Generally, people can live,

  • 3 Minutes without air
  • 3 Hours without shelter in extreme weather
  • 3 Days without water
  • 3 weeks without food

Now you will need to prioritize.  Of course, we don’t recommend you try pushing yourself to the limit of these rules if you don’t have to. You need however to be aware of these rules if you find yourself in a survival situation.

9 – Don’t Eat Snow When Dehydrated

Here’s a rumor I want to expose.  Many believe that if you become stranded in freezing temperatures, you should eat snow to rehydrate.  This method of hydration will do more harm than good.  Snow is so cold that when you ingest it, your core body temperature will begin to drop.  If your body temperature begins to fall, you will expend vital energy trying to warm up.  The best method if you’re lost in an area where there’s snow, heat it up, so it melts to water before drinking it.

10 – Use Sanitary Pads As a Bandage

Another little trick that comes in handy if you have a wound but don’t have platers or bandages with you are sanitary pads.  Of course, these pads are hygienic and absorbent, so they make the perfect bandage.  It’s no coincidence that we mention this since they were used in the 19th-century battlefield hospitals when treating bullet wounds.  It’s only after the end of World War 1 that they have been using these pads for their current purpose.

11 – Use Super Glue On a Wound

This one is about dealing with wounds that look like they might need stitching.  If you don’t have any stitches on hand or don’t feel comfortable performing this type of first aid procedure on yourself, then one option is to use superglue.  Super glue will seal the wound and prevent infection, giving you the time to seek medical attention.

12 – Give Yourself The Heimlich Manoeuver

If you find yourself chocking in public, you’re probably hoping someone around you knows how to perform the Heimlich manoeuver.  What if you’re by yourself when you start chocking? It’s simple, give yourself the Heimlich manoeuver. Stay calm and find a chair or another surface that you can easily press against your stomach.  Push yourself firmly against that surface several times, a couple of inches above your belly button, this will allow you to do the same abdominal thrusts someone might give you with their arms. Try it on yourself and remember how to do it, it could become a real lifesaver someday.

13 – Jellyfish Stings

Portuguese Man O’ War stings are particularly nasty, and they like to hang out in groups.  Sometimes a thousand or more at a time throughout the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans.  They also have huge tentacles, which is why its vital for you to know how to react to a sting.  We know you’ve heard the old advice about urinating on the sting. In reality, however, this doesn’t help at all.  The best thing to do is to simply remove any remaining tentacles and then wash the affected area with sea water. You should still, however, contact a doctor if your symptoms are particularly severe.

14 – Escape a Crocodile

This one is hopefully a situation you will never encounter but read on, just in case.  You would be forgiven for thinking the best thing to do if you see a crocodile or an alligator is to run away in a straight line as fast as you can. If that’s what you would have done, but you would be wrong.  The best way of escaping a crocodile or alligator is to run away in a zigzag motion.  They are far slower when they have to make turns.  Once you’re doing the zigzag you can turn around and tell them, “see you later alligator”.

15 – Make a Knife From a Cigarette (watch video below for a tutorial)

In some emergencies you may need a knife but not have one on hand.  Did you know that you can make a knife out of a cigarette?  Simply light the filter and let it burn for a couple of seconds, then wet your fingers and pinch the cigarette at the end to make it flat.  The fiberglass filter will be sharp after doing this.  Don’t believe me? Just try it, and you’ll see for yourself.

16 – Where People’s Weak Spots Are

You know those scary bits in a movie when a character is being chased and has no way out, what would you do in a situation like that?  Some of you might have some type of martial arts training but some of you might not. The important thing is to know where peoples weak spots are if someone is attacking you.  If you need to defend yourself, go for their groin or their eyes or even in their ears.  Hitting them in these spots, where it hurts, will give a much better chance of success.

17 – Call Emergency Services From Lock Screen

If you’re in a life-threatening situation, it’s important to call emergency services. Sometimes though, you might not have your phone on you or you might forget your passcode in a panic, we have a tip for you!  You don’t need to unlock your or someone else’s phone before calling emergency services.  Nearly all phones have the option to make a call directly from the lock screen.  If you have IOS 11 or higher on your Apple iPhone, you can make an emergency call more discreetly if you need to.  The is a new function called the Emergency SOS Function when this function is enabled, you’ll simply need to tap the sleep/wake button on the top right-hand side of your phone five times, and it will call emergency services for you automatically.

18 – What To Do In A Fire

Of course, we all know that the first thing you should do is call the fire department if there’s a fire in your home.  Did you know that one of the most important things you can do in a fire is to stay close to the ground? People are more likely to be harmed by inhaling smoke than by the flames themselves.  Smoke rises, so if you’re on the floor, on your hands and knees crawling to escape, rather than running, you’re far less likely to inhale smoke.

19 – How To Escape Rip Current

If you feel yourself being dragged out to sea, your natural instincts will tell you to battle against the tide and swim towards the shore.  Swimming against the tide is not the best method because you’ll get very exhausted, very quickly.  The best thing to do is to swim parallel to the shore, this way you’re not going directly against the tide.  Most riptides aren’t very wide so by swimming parallel to is you will soon find the ending.

20 – Make a Fire From a Phone Battery (watch this video to learn more.)

If you’re one of those people, who would go hiking or camping and remember the essentials like your mobile phone but forget other essentials like a box of matches, this one is for you!  If you pierce your phone’s battery with a knife, the lithium inside will ignite as soon as it’s exposed to the air. All you need is to have some dry tinder ready before you attempt this little trick! CAUTION: Do not breath in the fumes coming out of the lithium-ion battery, they are extremely toxic and harmful to your health.

I hope you find this list of survival facts to be of benefit to you. Please share and leave a comment, We always like to hear what our readers have to say.

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Learn How to Survive A Nuclear Blast Through Television and Films

In the face of the worst nuclear attack scenarios, are you well prepared? In case the apocalypse does happen someday soon, your survival may depend on some “end of the world” movies.  We don’t necessarily take Post Apocalyptic film as seriously as official government guides, but you have to agree with me, they are much more entertaining.

With the accident in Fukushima behind us, panic and fear of the nuclear catastrophe have many people fearful of an uncertain future.  Some are deciding to have iodine tablets in storage and buy Geiger counters, and this is not only happening in Japan either. This worst-case scenario, we see it all the time in cinema, for as far as we can remember. Many filmmakers have projected themselves into the post-apocalyptic universe. How do the characters survive this type of disaster? Would their survival kit and quick thinking be useful in real life?

  • The Movies usually begin with a disaster of some sort.
  • The characters find a shelter.
  • They avoid contact with rain and objects contaminated by radiation.
  • The survivors inform themselves of what’s happening.
  • Finding food and water is now their number one priority.
  • Building a post-nuclear society.

The writers who lived through the Cold War have easily exploited the populations fear of a nuclear apocalypse. Their plot: World War Three (WW3). The World, The Flesh, and the Devil is a 1959 doomsday movie written and directed by Ranald MacDougall where the protagonist survives by being stuck in a mine shaft and discovering a world devastated by the nuclear fallout. The same year, in “On the beach,” the survivors have to take refuge in Australia, the last habitable continent, but also doom to be overcome by the radioactive fallout.

According to Jean-Vincent Brisset, a nuclear specialist at Iris (The French Institute for International and Strategic Affairs), atomic warfare scenarios are “no longer the popular trend”  among nuclear specialists and agencies responsible for preparing prevention plans today.  “The countries harboring nuclear weapons know if they launch a nuclear bomb on another nation, the fallout radiation will come back to them sooner or later. It’s a technology that splashes. “

Today, Britain, Russia, China, France, Israel, India, Pakistan and North Korea all have atomic weapons. But their deterrent force removes the trail of war between two nuclear powers, according to Francis Sorin, atomic specialist and member of the French Society of Nuclear Energy: “The atomic bomb is a factor of avoidance of war, for example between India and China, or India and Pakistan.

However, a 1963 film by Stanley Kubrick by the name of Dr. Strangelove Gold: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb, in which a high-ranking American decides to send nuclear bombs towards Russia without the approval of its staff, remains relevant today. The journal Bulletin of Atomic scientists updates its Doomsday Clock in the light of global risk factors, first and foremost due to nuclear weapon global threats.  They insist on this possibility: “Today, an accidental nuclear exchange between Russia and the United States can potentially take place, as both countries keep more than a thousand warheads on permanent alert.

Terrorist attacks: Trending TV Scenarios but Still Unimaginable

Today, the most famous hypothesis among the media and screenwriters are acts of terrorism, mostly executed by Islamic Extremist. In the Fox hit series 24, Jack Bauer, a CTU agent will have to defeat a terrorist attack in Los Angeles in both season 2 and season 6. In a remarkable series by the name of Jericho (2006-2008), the inhabitants of a village in Kansas witnesses Simultaneous nuclear explosions far on the horizon, they immediately think its caused by a terrorist network operation, either foreign or domestic.

“The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists” relays this scenario

Porous borders and the circulation of ideas makes it possible for a non-state organization to use nuclear technology, according to the newspaper. For Jean-Vincent Brisset, it’s unimaginable: “A large country like Iran is already struggling to develop this technology, so for terrorists, it would be even more complicated to build an atomic bomb.” Not to mention the difficulties of transportation and the initial start-up of the bomb (Nukes are much more sophisticated than an ordinary explosive device), which make this plot simply “folkloric.”

The concrete buildings are designed to withstand an airplane collision, so a terrorist rocket fire would not make much of a scratch, states Jean-Vincent Brisset. If terrorists were still trying to crash a plane on a reactor, their aircraft or weapons would theoretically be intercepted by federal or private authorities before entering into proximity to the power plant.

Another weapon a terrorist organization could use, instead of a nuclear bomb, is a so-called Dirty Bomb “radiological dispersal device (RDD)“. Dirty Bombs are a speculative radiological weapon that combines radioactive material with conventional explosives. The purpose of this kind of weapon is to contaminate the area around the dispersal agent/conventional explosion with radioactive material, serving primarily as an area denial device against civilians by creating a very strong panic and to prohibit access to certain areas. This bomb requires access to radioactive products.

Theft In Nuclear Plant

It’s nearly impossible to steal from a Nuclear Power Station. According to Jean-Vincent Brisset, they are protected by a “very elaborate security systems” which makes it “difficult to steal anything”. On the other hand, it would still be possible to steal an atomic device. More than 100 million tonnes of nuclear weapons manufactured during the Cold War are stored unsecured in Russia, says US public health activist Irwin Redlener in a TED conference. Chechen rebels tried another method in September 1999 by trying to steal radioactive materials from a chemical plant but became ill due to radiation poisoning.  The rebels were arrested before they could use the product to build an atomic bomb.

In Films

In several post-nuclear films, they never explain the reason for a nuclear disaster. This is the case in “Malevil – 1981, Stalker – 1979, The Last Battle – 1983 and my personal favorite,  The Road – 2009.  Even if the films do not make it clear why the apocalypse happened because of a nuclear disaster, you can often guess that nuclear warfare indeed caused it.

The More Plausible Scenario: A Nuclear Power Plant Accident / Melt Down.

The most conceivable real-life plot would be an accident in a Power Station, as in Fukushima and Chernobyl. However, there are a relatively limited amount of incidents of this kind in our history.  Government body’s are typically applying evacuation measures to limit the damage to humans, even when the radioactive fallout cloud is moving. Unless we forget, no post-apocalyptic film begins with this scenario.

In any case, once a Nuclear Disaster arrives, what can we do to ensure our survival? Find Shelter!

What would you do if you were in one of those disaster movies?

To your surprise and horror, a nuclear warhead goes off without any warning, you’de already know that it’s much better to be in a well-isolated place, preferably underground. Like the inhabitants of “Malevil”: villagers are down in the mayor’s cellar at the very the moment the explosion takes place. Despite the intense heat that makes the barrel of wine smoke, the characters survive, unlike those who were outside.

If you’re lucky enough to be able to anticipate the catastrophe, there are ways to improve your chances of survival. In the television series “Jericho,” inhabitants in a small Texas town sees an atomic mushroom cloud in the middle of the afternoon, several tens of miles away. After the first shock, a nuclear accident expert comes out of nowhere to warn them that they only have two hours to find suitable shelter before the radiation cloud arrives. The mayor, police, and all the main characters rush to crowd the inhabitants into a bomb shelter located beneath town hall, while those who own cellars are advised to hide there.

Space is Better than Earth

But really, the safest place would be to be on earth all together at the moment of shock. It’s a space station that allows the crew of Def-Con 41985 to escape the atomic catastrophe. While in orbit around the Earth, the space station acts as a holder for the American nuclear warheads.  Under orders, they launch the missiles towards the Erth bellow. Several months later, the station is mysteriously pulled towards the Earth, forcing the crew to try to survive a post-apocalyptic world. Same goes for the original The Planet of the Apes movie in 1968. The space shuttle crew remains in stasis for too long and makes the discovery at the end of the film (SPOILER ALERT!!!!) that a nuclear apocalypse had devastated the Earth, many many years ago.

And if you currently don’t have at least one rocket ship or an atomic bomb shelter available, Hollywood offers an Indiana Jones-style appliance. In the fourth film “Indiana Jones and the Crystal Skull Kingdom, 2008”, In the midst of a nuclear detonation in the Nevada desert, the adventurous archaeologist seeks refuge in a…  refrigerator! Just watch this impressive clip below for your Indiana Jones atomic survival tip!

Instructions in reality

So basically, if the intense heat from the shock wave does not vaporize your body, Irwin Redlener has a few survival tips for you to remember. Irwin says that by referencing an atomic detonation like the one in Nagasaki: If you’re in the same place as the explosion, you will vaporize.  At 3km away from the explosion, you still have a 50% chance of survival. Beyond 3km and up to 12km, you will only have between 10% and 20%  chance of instantly dying.

But if you’re still alive after the explosion
  • Do not look at the flash; there’s a strong chance that you will become instantly blind.
  • Flee, you have 10 to 20 minutes before the radioactive fallout reaches you.
  • Run in the direction of the wind.  The fallout will follow wherever direction the wind is blowing.  You always want to be ahead of the radiation and not mistakenly travel closer to it.
  • Cover your body as much as possible to avoid as much radiation poisoning as you can.  The more layers you have on you, the better!
  • If you’re unable to leave the affected area, find shelter ASAP, in a cellar or in the thickest building you can see that’s the closest to your location; in hopes to avoid the initial fallout of the nuclear explosion.

When you learn that there is an imminent threat, go home if instructed by authorities, and do not travel the entire city looking for your loved ones.  If your children are at school, measures will be taken to shelter them if there’s no time to go elsewhere.

Check your Municipal Information Document on Major Hazards.  (which is the same for most municipalities) They usually advise AGAINST:
  • Staying in your vehicle.
  • Standing near windows.
  • Making Phone Calls.
  • Smoking.

Congratulations: You’ve successfully been able to save your skin, but now you have to be careful not to re-expose yourself to radiation.

Avoid Contact With Rain and Objects Contaminated by Radiation

What Would You do if You Were in a Movie?

Instinctively, the heroes in any nuclear disaster films seem to know that radioactive particles in the rain are incredibly hazardous to living things. If you watch Indiana Jones 4, After Harrison Ford rolls out of his Atomic proof refrigerator, they tell him to remove and discard his clothes, which may have radiation contamination. The same thing happens in Jericho, where one of the citizens must thoroughly wash after taking an irradiated man to the hospital.

In Malevil, one of the villagers knows how to detect radiation in the rainwater. He places a camera outside while it’s raining, if there’s marking on the film, it proves the rain is radioactive. Fortunately, the experiment reveals no trace of radiation and survivors can begin planting their gardens. This photographic technique is not fiction; it’s been used in real life to show hints of radiation woman’s bones contaminated with radium by using silver photo paper.

Real Life Instructions

According to Irwin Redlener, these films are not very far from reality in the way the characters react to a nuclear incident. Take off your decontaminated clothes, thoroughly wash your skin if there is exposure to rain or radioactive dust and finding shelter underground are the first things they usually do.  Thoroughly clean all objects exposed to radiation.  But many prevention guides say nothing about one crucial thing that some films have covered.

Place a white plate outside and check it every fifteen minutes.  If there’s an accumulation of dust on the plate, you should treat it as radioactive fallout.  You can watch this explanation in the 1950’s Government Video, The Fallout. This broadcast was to make the population aware that there are things you can do yourself to minimize radiation fallout exposure.

What do you do After you’ve Avoided the Radioactive Fallout?

Inform yourself on what is going on and if help is coming.  Having a crank radio is your first step in finding out what is happening outside.

What Would You do if you Were in a Movie?

Movie character’s first reflex is usually to turn on their television or radio to find out what is happening.  Unfortunately, all electronic devices have often succumbed to an electromagnetic pulse (IEM or EMP) released by the atomic bomb. The electromagnetic pulse makes all electronic devices unusable. This electromagnetic pulse is one of the significant after-effects of a nuclear bomb detonation.

In the case of a radioactive mushroom cloud, however, electronic devices typically do not sustain damage. It’s the explosion itself that creates these electromagnetic disturbances, but it does depend on the altitude of the blast. The United States Action website specifies that during a high altitude detonation (greater than 30 km/19m), electronic devices within a radius of 1,600 km/995m may become useless. Only people that are using devices such as a pacemaker can have this effect.

With proper planning, you can prevent some of your smaller electronic devices from being affected by the EMP. In the first season of Jericho, a National Security Agent has his laptop in a particular case that prevents it from rendering it useless; this is a Faraday case.

In The Last Battle, the characters are unable to speak. The radio stations are also silent, as much because of the characters being mute than the problem related to an EMP. But they still attempt to send and receive messages. Just as in Malevil, where the characters try to build a transmitter.

What about Real Life?

In reality, it is almost impossible to know precisely how this would all play out.  Local and federal authorities depend on a system where they would be able to function, even if it’s at minimal capacity.  They could at the very least react to the situation by alerting the public to what is happening.  This alert is usually by interrupting a television or radio broadcast with an alarm and instructions.

In any case, you need to inform yourself ASAP about the situation, safety instructions, and a possible evacuation protocol, etc.… During this period, you may have to abruptly evacuate your home or, in some cases, to confine yourself within your home or current location.

In areas not affected by the electromagnetic pulse (ten kilometers for a low yield bomb and up to 1,600 km for the larger ones) radio communications will not be affected, and the electronic devices will still be in working order (if there is still a flow of electricity of course).

The Internet will always function, as long as data centers aren’t destroyed and are still receiving power, and the same goes for private homes.  Power plants will continue to provide power for a few days even if all its personnel has evacuated the generating station.  The data centers have generators in the event of a power outage.

There will be a possibility to communicate with one another on the internet, by conventional telephone and satellite phones in the case of radioactive fallout.  Short-wave (mechanical) radios or simple visual or audible signs (signs, lights, whistles) will keep working in the case of an explosion creating an electromagnetic pulse.  You should, however, avoid using the telephone for non-emergencies. Heavy phone traffic could make it difficult for people to make emergency calls.

It’s Time to Think About The Days To Come, and Find Food!

What You would do if you were in a Movie/TV

Movies love to describe a chaotic situation by showing devastated grocery stores and empty/overturned vending machines. Only in Jericho that the aftermath of an atomic explosion was represented in a peaceful light by having well-known people from the community equally divide essential resources so that every citizen receives food and water, at least in the first few days anyway.

Fresh fruits quickly become a highly valued currency of exchange, in Def-Con 4 for example, due to the immediate contamination of most fresh food stocks.

In Malevil, the characters are lucky because they have a cow, pigs and lots of liquor.  They don’t know however if the vegetables in their garden have radiation contamination.

Even long after the explosion and the radiation fallout, if cities are destroyed and soil permanently contaminated by particles; the only way to feed ourselves is by eating non-perishable food produced before the apocalypse. Canned soup and vegetables would be more valuable than gold, as in “The Road” and “The Last Fight.”

Nothing beats having an emergency food storage that has a full stock in advance. A barrel full of water on hand would be an asset during an apocalyptic event. Establishing a family safety plan, as recommended by most governments, can be another asset in areas with a higher probability of attack.

Most importantly, after the first radioactive incidents, do not eat any vegetables from the ground or in the trees. In Japan, contaminated vegetables and milk were detected more than 150 km from the Fukushima disaster site. Food or liquids in glass bottles are ordinarily safe to consume. Stay away from open or non-sealed containers, just to be safe.

Here’s what a basic emergency kit should contain. This is according to the department of public health and safety of governments in specific areas.  In a backpack, a bin or a large canvas bag, you should have the following items:

  • Drinking water; – Two liters per person per day, for at least three days. According to the Federal Drug Association, you can keep unopen water bottles indefinitely in case of emergencies.
  • Non-perishable food – Provision for at least three days.
  • Manual can opener
  • Battery powered or crank radio
  • Flashlight with spare batteries
  • First aid kit – adhesive bandages, sterile gauze compresses, scissors, tweezers, pins, antiseptics and pain relievers included.
  • Hygiene items – Toothbrushes, towels, soap, toilet paper, plastic garbage bags
  • Blankets
  • Cash
  • Set of spare keys for your house and vehicles
  • Whistle
  • Candles
  • Lighters and matches
  • Multifunctional pocket knife
  • Dust/gas masks – To filter contaminated air
  •  Important personal documents; – Photocopies: Passport and Driver’s License, insurance policies, prescriptions for medications and glasses, safety plan if you have one. It ‘s a good idea also to have a list of people to contact in case of emergency.

There aren’t many emergency guides we read advising people to carry firearms.  If you do have a gun, the most important thing is that you have training on how to use it. Also, make sure that your weapon is in good working condition.  Also, make sure that you have the right kind of ammunition on hand.

Nowadays, carrying a cell phone, portable battery packs, and laptop computers can be helpful, even if some emergency guides do not mention it.  Often these guides were created before these electronic items became an everyday thing. We can add and modernize our emergency stock by adding, for example, this kit sold by Amazon.  This package contains enough for two people, for two days.  This kit has energy bars, water, blankets, bandages and much more.

Click Here for current Amazon Price

More Useful Items
  • A solar charger – which can recharge your electronic items like your cell phone, radio, and flashlights.
  • A backup hard drive/USB – containing your digital data: Important documents and family photos.
Moving Forward Towards a Post-Nuclear Society

Did you survive? Congratulations.  You get away with honors. It’s up to you to hold elections and to reinstate a decision-making body. This new government will decide the future of your modern society. Without a state or security force, there is a good chance that power will return to those who have weapons. In particular to the military, such as the characters of Def-Con 4 and Endgame. Mutinies await you, or faction creations within the survivors. Apparently, the ideal scenario is to have both the weapons and the means to eat; as in the community of Malevil.

In reality, Governments are not planning to not be around in the post-apocalyptic era. In the prevention guides, we always imagine that government will survive a nuclear accident and will be able to provide security. But the United States is probably not ready for a post-apocalyptic scenario.  My advice to you is to study some of these films thoroughly; they might not be as much outside the realm of reality as you may think.

There are nuclear bunkers all over the United States that are free for anyone to use in case of a nuclear strike or even other types of disasters. Click here to find out where the closest bunker is from your home.

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Can The United States Stop a Nuclear Missile?

How to Make a Radioactive Fallout Hazmat Suit

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Ka-Bar BK14 Becker Eskabar Neck Knife Review / Neck Knife Tips

The Neck Knife that I chose is the Ka-Bar BK14 Becker Eskabar Neck Knife!  I decided on the BK14 because I already own a Ka-Bar BK7 Becker and love it.  Click here to view current price on Amazon.

Ka-Bar BK14 Neck Knife

After choosing to once again go with a Ka-Bar product, I then had to decide if I was going to go with the BK11 or the BK14.  The reason why I chose the BK 14 because of the different reviews I read and just the fact that its evolution to the BK 11 was worth it.

The handle is smoother and will leave your hand less fatigue if you tend to use it for great lengths of time.  The BK 14 Eskabar is a collaboration kneck knife between the two companies of Ka-Bar and ESEE.  You will notice on the pictures that one side of this blade has the emblem of ESEE Knives and on the other side has the Becker Knife and Tool Logo.

ESEE In scripture on the Ka-Bar BK 14 due to cooperation.

Of course, those familiar with the ESEE Izula will want to know how these two knives compare with each other. To answer that question, the dimensions of the EsKabar and the Izula are identical from the handle, which measure 3.75” long. The EsKabar incorporates the large quillon from the Becker Necker, as well as the larger Necker blade.

The blade on the EsKabar measures 3.25” as opposed to the 2.63” blade on the Izula. The EsKabar also has a larger belly than the Izula. The difference in thickness is only 1/100th of an inch with the EsKabar being the thicker knife at 0.165”.

The Handle
The Ka-Bar BK14 Handle

The BK14 Eskabar comes in a skeletonized neck knife form, but most people either use the paracord that comes with it to wrap around the handle. You can also buy a custom set of handle scales for the BK 14, which I’m probably going to end up doing. Either that or im just going to buy an orange paracord to wrap the handle.  The flat grind is fantastic and comes sharp right out of the box.

With the thickness of the blade, you can do a little bit of chopping and splitting of small wood.  This knife is also great for small intricate carving and smaller detailed task.  It shouldn’t fatigue your finger if you hold the BK 14 with your thumb pressing on the top of the blade, I find it very comfortable but I guess it would depend on the person.

The coating of the Eskabar is the same as any other Ka-Bar Becker knives.  The surface does scuff up quickly, but that doesn’t matter to me.  If scuffing the blade is a concern to you then you can always consider the Ka-Bar BK 24 Becker.  Some people scrape a bit of coating off to make a significant fire starter companion with a Ferrocerium Rod.  The 1095 steel is reliable and also easy to resharpen.

The Sheath
Ka-Bar BK14 Sheath

The sheath is very generic, and I would suggest buying a custom-made high-quality sheath for your BK 14 Eskabar.  I find that Ka-Bar skimp out on the sheaths, they most likely do that to keep the cost of their high-end blades affordable to most people. I’m honestly okay with that.

The sheath has six large paracord lashing holes to mount it any way you want.  It also comes with screw holes if you’re going to buy a belt clip for this knife. There is a bit of rattling if you shake the blade but the retention of the sheath is excellent if you’re going to wear it around your neck, as a neck knife is intended for with its slim profile.

Philosophy of Use

The philosophy of use for the BK14 Eskabar is a small EDC blade, and it’s also great to have with you on camping and hiking trips.  The BK14 Eskabar is an excellent companion blade if you also have a Ka-Bar BK7 to do all the small detail work like preparing shavings for kindling or even food preparation.

Tactical?

Any knife can be forced into being used in a tactical role.  The BK14 Eskabar has a more prominent belly, and its design is more for EDC Bush-use.  This knife is not going to pierce very well, and it’s not going to be the best at skinning an animal, you can certainly make do in a bind but its just not made for that in my opinion.

If you want a tactical knife, then you might want to go with something with a better piercer.  I will have a review of an urban tactical EDC neck knife whenever I make a decision on which one I’m going to buy.

I love this knife and Im certainly recommending it as a great neck knife to have with you in the wilderness.  You can even make a small survival kit out of the sheath by adding a little compartment for a ferrocerium rod and some other small items.  You can make something great by using a bit of imagination.

This particular neck knife is for wilderness use vs. being a knife I would carry on my person when I’m out in the world in an urban environment.  That is, however, my opinion, some do buy this knife for urban EDC, it’s all in whatever you’re personal preference is of course. Click here to view current BK14 price on Amazon.

The BK14 Neck Knife handle wraped in paracord.

What Exactly Is a Neck Knife?

A neck knife is small to a mid-sized knife that you can wear on a lanyard or chain around your neck. The neck knife provides you with a blade that’s always on your person and that you can use for multiple survival purposes.  A significant number of people also use a neck knife as a form of protection, without it being noticeable to those around you.  Your neck knife would appear to be a simple necklace to most people but would provide you with a greater sense of security when you’re out and about.

Should Your Neck Knife Sheath be leather or Kydex?

The type of sheath is something that is a matter of personal preference. I find that for neck knife sheaths that has a downward facing tip, they can be either leather or Kydex. If you’re going to carry a neck knife that the tip is facing up, it should be Kydex. The reason for that is because with Kydex you will get better retention of the knife. Kydex is also going to eliminate any worries about your sheath retaining moisture that could be damaging to the blade long term.

Are The Sheaths Similar In Sound While Ejecting?

There are also the differences in the sound they make while ejecting and injecting the neck knife back into the sheath. The leather sheet is going to be almost silent when you extract it from the sheath. The Kydex sheet on the other hand with make a sliding noise that’s loud enough to hear if you don’t want anyone or anything alerted to your presence.

You will also hear a clicking sound when you place the blade back into the Kydex sheath. That’s something to take into account because if you want a sheath that is ultra silent and wouldn’t tip anyone off on your location, the leather sheath is the way to go. If you don’t care about sound all that much, then you can go with either sheath.

Is it Hard to Access a Tip Down Neck Knife?

Nope, it’s not. Some people avoid the tip down neck knives altogether because they seem to think they won’t be able to quickly or easily access the blade when needed. Here’s a trick you all of you that’s scared of the tip down neck knife, flip the sheath upside down. That’s right, All you need to do is grab the sheath and quickly flip it upside down and pull the knife out. Easy Peasy right?

Practice, Practice, Practice

Some would say that a neck knife isn’t a perfect self-defense weapon because you don’t have a consistent draw stroke. Think of a gun on your belt; a gun will always be in the same spot so your draw stroke will never change after you find the best way to draw your weapon.

It’s a little bit different with a neck knife because the knife won’t always be in the same spot because it will swing from side to side on your chest if you’re moving around too much when attacked. You can remedy this by merely practicing and having a method to compensate the movement of your neck knife and finding a way to draw it from the same location even if you’’re unbalanced.

Is there a choking hazard with a neck knife?

Nope, there isn’t. First of all, you will most likely be wearing your neck knife underneath your shirt thus reducing not only the visibility of your neck knife but also the choking hazard. Also, if you attach your neck knife around your neck with either a ball chain or double fisherman’s knot, your lanyard will stretch if someone pulls it in hopes of chocking you.

Is there only one way to carry a neck knife?

Don’t believe all the internet hype until you’ve tried wearing a neck knife yourself by applying logic to your carry style. Yes, most will merely carry their neck knife around their neck but if you don’t like that notion, you can buy or make a more extended lanyard and wear it around your neck and one arm horizontally in the small of the back.

 

I hope this Ka-Bar BK14 Review was of help to you and that you found the general neck knife tips helpful. Please leave a comment to let me know what you think of this knife or any other neck knife you may have purchased.  Share this review with anyone you think would benefit from it. 

Can The United States Stop a Nuclear Missile?

For the last couple of decades, nuclear weapons have mostly stayed out of the news. The reason for this is because the Cold War has started to fade to the back of our minds.  Unfortunately, what is known as the doomsday clock has notched closer to midnight. Closer to an apocalyptic world event than any other time in our history.  Because of this news, nuclear war is back in our minds.  That makes many of us wonder, how would we stop a nuclear missile?

What Would Happen If a Nuclear Missile Was Heading For Us?

Nuclear missile making flight.

Most of us are hoping that any threats are merely empty threats.  But at some point, we might start to wonder; What would happen if there were a nuclear missile heading for us?  Of course, the latest in military defense are highly classified.  Like any defense, the more people that know about the specifics of it, the easiest it is to circumvent them.

We do however know a lot of the basics. Also, The good news is that an incoming nuclear missile doesn’t necessarily mean doom.  We do have some options when it comes to the most crucial part of stopping an incoming attack: Hitting IT before it hits the US!

The only nuclear weapons ever used in war were dropped from planes.  That could still happen but most people today aren’t worried about planes, most are concerned about missiles.

Missles are faster and much harder to stop than planes, and some types can launch from pretty anywhere on the planet.  The most famous are intercontinental ballistic missiles or ICBMs.  ICBMs rockets into space before speeding down at their targets.  They can hit something halfway around the globe within an hour after launch.

Other types of missiles are less famous, but each design is able to go a different distance and carry a different amount of weight.  No matter what type of missile it is, the best time to stop a missile is before it even launches.  Countries continuously use spy planes, radars, and satellites to monitor each other for any signs of missile preparing to launch.  Sometimes, the first hint of a missile is the launch itself.  Missle launches are bright and hot, and the missiles stay hot while they’re flying through the atmosphere.

Space-Based Infrared System / SBIRS

Space base infrared satelite.

The United States has a worldwide network of satellites on the lookout for unusually hot objects flying around.  They call this interface the Space-Based Infrared System.  SBIRS and its predecessors have monitored missiles for decades; Although its heat-seeking capabilities can track wildfires and watch volcanoes for signs of impending eruptions when there aren’t any missile to watch.

Other countries have their own missile defense systems, but they pretty much all share the same goal by making sure that if a missile is being launched from anywhere on the planet, we know about it.  Once a missile is in the air, the only one way of stopping it is by hitting it with another missile.  It isn’t ideal to have a nuclear bomb explode up in the atmosphere and radioactive rain fallout on the world below, but that’s still better than letting it reach its target.

Will They Even Explode If Launched?

Above all that, the nuclear bomb might not even explode when the rest of the rocket does.  A lot of modern weapons don’t bring the explosive parts near each other.  This method is known as arming until they’re about to make landfall.  They do this to make sure that nothing goes wrong during the launch process, or during the flight itself.  The explosion might still destroy the nuclear bomb, or it might end up like the unarmed hydrogen that accidentally fell into a North Carolina swamp back in 1961. They call this the 1961 Goldsboro B-52 crash. Nothing happened when it landed, and its uranium core is most likely still fifty or so meters underground.

Missile Interceptor System / ICBM

Missile interceptor system.

Missile interceptor systems use radar, and also the same heat signature that SBIRS uses in tracking their targets.  However, hitting a missile with another missile is undoubtedly not easy.  It would compare to something like shooting a bullet, except each bullet is moving six or seven kilometers per second.  Missiles are much more complicating to build, aim and launch than bullets are.

To make it even more difficult, missile often carry decoy parts that fall off during decent to distract defense systems from hitting the real target.   With so many factors to take into account, it is not surprising that missile defenses need a lot of testing.

Any Nation certainly doesn’t want to test any defenses too often; even it’s not quite perfect.  The reason for this is due to outside observers since every test reveals a bit more information on how it works, and how to get around it.  Another reason they don’t do a lot of nuclear testing is that it’s costly.  Each ICBM defense test cost tens of millions of dollars and takes months in preparation to accomplish this task.

How Many Nuclear Warheads Could We Stop Using ICBMs?

Altogether, the United States is most likely able to stop approximately 24 ICBMs at once, but it’s difficult to know for sure because the military tends not to go around telling people exactly how many nuclear missiles it would take to overwhelm their defense systems.

What we do know, however, is that one single network and groups of submarines in places, like South Korea and Japan, are capable of tracking a hundred smaller missiles at once.  Even they are not perfect since missiles are hard to hit. It is next to impossible for every interceptor system to stop every missile one hundred percent of the time.  Also, military strategy is always evolving, so some places will end up less defended than others.

Old Technology Made New Again

Laser-mounted drone for missile defense.

The military is always trying to develop new technologies to block those holes, and one technology that was first imagined back in the seventies might make a resurgence.   That technology is lasers.  Back then, people figured that satellites with ultra-powerful lasers could overheat and blow up missiles mid-flight.  It was incredibly impractical at the time.  For one thing, lasers powerful enough to overheat a missile from a great distance did not yet exist.

The American military recently announced that it was testing a laser-mounted drone for missile defense.  Today’s lasers are much stronger and smaller than those from decades ago, and drones could quickly get within a hundred kilometers of a missile without endangering lives.

Powerful lasers still aren’t quite compact enough to be mounted and carried by a drone, but a laser defense system might not be so far off.  Or maybe we already have one, and it’s just not public information.  Either way, generations of brilliant scientist and engineers are spending their careers trying to make sure that no nuclear weapon ever hits another city.  We can thank their defense systems in place.  Let us hope we never need them!

Could We Destroy the Earth With Nuclear Weapons?

The Nuke that ended WW2.

Often we talk about how the human race has the ability to destroy ourselves in a way that most species don’t. Well, I guess I should say all species, shouldn’t I?  What we’re talking about when we say this is, of course, nuclear weapons; And how we “Have enough nuclear weapons to destroy the Earth many times over”. Well, good news, we do not.

Regarding pure destructive force, the entire nuclear arsenal of every country on earth, mostly concentrated in the United States and Russia, is about seven thousand megatons.  That’s around the equivalent of seven billion tons of TNT!

To compare, the Chicxulub meteor impact didn’t destroy the earth or even all life on earth, and it was approximately fourteen thousand times more powerful than all Nukes.  Think about it for a second, that’s 14 000 times more power than ALL OF THE NUCLEAR WEAPONS ON EARTH!

Even the relatively mild 1883 Eruption of Krakatoa was four times more powerful than the most potent fusion bomb ever designed.  If every nuclear weapon on earth would simultaneously explode, we’d indeed have some awful things happen to us.  There would be an increase in localized radiation and many unfortunate deaths.  We might end up living in a safer world because of it, especially since those bombs right now are underground in remote areas for the most part.

Apocalyptic Nuclear Winter

The most dangerous possibility, and where the idea of the deadly, apocalyptic nuclear winter comes from, is if those bombs are used to destroy cities.  The bombs themselves would have a significant impact, but the more important bit is the resulting firestorms.  Firestorms sound just like a hyperbolic word for a severe fire, but it’s not.  Firestorms happen when a fire is intense enough to create its own weather pattern.  These weather patterns have increasing winds driving the burning and destruction to project soot and ash high into the atmosphere.  Its exactly what happened in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Hiroshima nuclear blast aftermath.

If that happens thousands of times around the Earth, all at once, atmospheric models indicate that yes, it would indeed be awful for our civilization.  We’re talking global decrease in temperatures of up to 25 degrees Celsius for at least a few months.  Afterward up to six degrees Celcius for many years.  That would be terrible news for people, and also the ecosystem we depend on.

Having the majority of city-dwelling humans killed, and also all of the city-based infrastructure destroyed, we would permanently be screwed.  However, I do have confidence that some people would survive.  Though they would survive in a world without the internet and air conditioning, so really, what’s the point?

Thank you for reading this article.  Please share with anyone you may know that would find this information of some benefit. Be safe.

There are nuclear bunkers all over the United States that are free for anyone to use in case of a nuclear strike or even other types of disasters. Click here to find out where the closest bunker is from your home.

Closest Nuclear Bunker To Your Home.

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